The Provenance, Use, and Circulation of Metals in the European Bronze Age: The State of Debate

@article{Radivojevi2018ThePU,
  title={The Provenance, Use, and Circulation of Metals in the European Bronze Age: The State of Debate},
  author={Miljana Radivojevi{\'c} and Benjamin Washington Roberts and Ernst Pernicka and Zofia Anna Stos‐gale and Marcos Martin{\'o}n-Torres and Thilo Rehren and Peter Bray and Dirk Brandherm and Johan Ling and Jianjun Mei and Helle Vandkilde and Kristian Kristiansen and Stephen Shennan and Cyprian Broodbank},
  journal={Journal of Archaeological Research},
  year={2018},
  volume={27},
  pages={131-185}
}
Bronze is the defining metal of the European Bronze Age and has been at the center of archaeological and science-based research for well over a century. Archaeometallurgical studies have largely focused on determining the geological origin of the constituent metals, copper and tin, and their movement from producer to consumer sites. More recently, the effects of recycling, both temporal and spatial, on the composition of the circulating metal stock have received much attention. Also… 
On the trail of Scandinavia’s early metallurgy: Provenance, transfer and mixing
TLDR
This study uses trace element and isotope analyses of copper-based artifacts in combination with substantial typological knowledge to profoundly illuminate the contact directions, networks and routes of the earliest metal supplies.
Early Balkan Metallurgy: Origins, Evolution and Society, 6200–3700 BC
This paper analyses and re-evaluates current explanations and interpretations of the origins, development and societal context of metallurgy in the Balkans (c. 6200–3700 BC). The early metallurgy in
Emergence of monopoly–Copper exchange networks during the Late Bronze Age in the western and central Balkans
In this paper we present the first results of an interdisciplinary research project focused on Late Bronze Age metallurgy in the western and central Balkans. The comprehensive chemical and lead
Copper to Tuscany – Coals to Newcastle? The dynamics of metalwork exchange in early Italy
TLDR
The research has shown that most objects were likely manufactured in west-central Italy using copper from Southern Tuscany and, quite possibly, the Apuanian Alps, which shows that the Copper Age communities of west- central Italy participated in superregional exchange networks tying together the middle/upper Tyrrhenian region, the western Alps, and perhaps the French Midi.
Archaeometric perspective on the emergence of brass north of the Alps around the turn of the Era
TLDR
The new results for brass artefacts from this early phase of the massive occurrence of Roman aurichalcum in the Barbarian territories point to the ore deposits in the western Mediterranean or the Massif Central area in Gaul, consistent with historical events.
Late Bronze Age archaeometallurgical hoards surveys from France (1350 to 800 BCE)
ABSTRACT Metal artifacts, constituting hoards, were deliberately abandoned for various reasons. In order to study hoards, an interdisciplinary, mainly metallic, database was created as part of the
From the Neolithic to the Bronze Age in Central Italy: Settlement, Burial, and Social Change at the Dawn of Metal Production
The Late Neolithic and Copper Age were a time of change in most of Europe. Technological innovations including animal traction, the wheel, and plow agriculture transformed the prehistoric economy.
Late Bronze Age Metal Exploitation and Trade: Sardinia and Cyprus
ABSTRACT Since the 1980s, extensive archeological studies have provided us with knowledge about the multifaceted relations between Nuragic Sardinia and Bronze Age Cyprus. During the winter of 2019,
THE POSSIBILITIES AND LIMITATIONS OF MODERN SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS OF BRONZE AGE
For a long while, the scope of scientific testing of bronze artefacts was limited, with studies focused primarily on the composition, the ratio of alloying agents and impurities, and the presence of
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 203 REFERENCES
Did China Import Metals from Africa in the Bronze Age
The origins of the copper, tin and lead for China's rich Bronze Age cultures are a major topic in archaeological research, with significant contributions being made by archaeological fieldwork,
ON THE COMPOSITION AND PROVENANCE OF METAL ARTEFACTS FROM POLIOCHNI ON LEMNOS
Summary. The majority of the well-stratified Early Bronze Age metal objects from Poliochni, with the exclusion of one hoard find, was analyzed for their chemical and lead isotope composition. The
THE ORIGIN of METAL OBJECTS FROM the EARLY BRONZE AGE SITE of THERMI ON the ISLAND of LESBOS
Summary: Lead isotope analysis of metal are deposits in the Mediterranean provides an important database for provenance studies of ancient metal artefacts. the Isotrace laboratory at Oxford has
Provenance Determination of Archaeological Metal Objects
Archaeometallurgy is one aspect of the widespread interdisciplinary field of science-based archaeology and is itself multifaceted (for a recent review, see Rehren and Pernicka 2008). This article
Bronze Age Copper Produced at Mitterberg, Austria, and its Distribution
The rich copper ore deposits in the eastern Alps have long been considered as important sources for copper in prehistoric central Europe. However, the role that each deposit played is not clear. To
The Composition of Metal Artifacts: a Guide to Provenance?
This is probably the question most often asked of the metallurgist by the archaeologiist, and the object of this report is to show how far we have got in our attempts to answer it. First, it must be
Is there something missing in scientific provenance studies of prehistoric artefacts?
Determination of the provenance of material culture by means of chemical analysis has a long and distinguished history in archaeology. The chemical analysis of archaeological objects started in the
...
...