The Protective Value of Hardiness on Military Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms

@inproceedings{Escolas2013ThePV,
  title={The Protective Value of Hardiness on Military Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms},
  author={Sandra M. Escolas and Barbara L. Pitts and Martin A. Safer and Paul T. Bartone},
  year={2013}
}
This study examined the protective effects of hardiness (dispositional resilience) on self-reported posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a sample of postdeployed service members. Hardiness was negatively related to PTSD symptoms. Time in the military, number of deployments, and total time spent on deployment were all positively related to PTSD symptoms. Hardiness moderated the effects of time in the military on PTSD symptoms, such that time in the military had no effect on those who… CONTINUE READING

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