The Protective Role of Friendships in Overtly and Relationally Victimized Boys and Girls

  title={The Protective Role of Friendships in Overtly and Relationally Victimized Boys and Girls},
  author={Michelle E. Schmidt and Catherine L. Bagwell},
  journal={Merrill-Palmer Quarterly},
  pages={439 - 460}
This study was conducted to assess whether friendship quality and gender moderate the association between peer victimization and internalizing distress. Third-,fourth-, and fifth-grade children (N = 670; 315 girls, 355 boys) completed self-report measures of friendship quality, relational and overt physical victimization, anxiety, and depression. Results indicated that several aspects of positive friendship quality, including help and security, serve as effective buffers against both relational… 

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