The Proper Name for the Geoduck: Resurrection of Panopea Generosa Gould, 1850, from the Synonymy of Panopea abrupta (Conrad, 1849) (Bivalvia: Myoida: Hiatellidae)

@inproceedings{Vadopalas2010ThePN,
  title={The Proper Name for the Geoduck: Resurrection of Panopea Generosa Gould, 1850, from the Synonymy of Panopea abrupta (Conrad, 1849) (Bivalvia: Myoida: Hiatellidae)},
  author={Brent Vadopalas and Theodore W. Pietsch and Carolyn S. Friedman},
  year={2010}
}
In 1849, Conrad described, illustrated, and assigned the name Mya abrupta to a new species of fossil bivalve collected from Miocene deposits along the banks of the Columbia River near Astoria, Oregon, during the United States Exploring Expedition of 1838–1842 (Conrad, 1849: 723, pl. 17, fig. 5a, b, USNM 3608; Figs. 1–3). Conrad described it as: “Subelliptical, slightly ventricose, widely gaping posteriorly. Surface marked with concentric undulations. Beaks separated, nearly medial, slightly… 
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The taxonomy and anatomy of the southwestern Atlantic geoduck, Panopea abbreviata Valenciennes, 1839, are revised and the symbiotic relationship with the nemertean Malacobdella arrokeana, attached to host mantle tissues, is mentioned.
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Bivalve genera Panopea and Pholadomya represent rarely documented large deep burrowers found within Miocene coralline algal facies of Northern Croatia. Two localities are investigated, situated in
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Invertebrate taphonomy can provide signifi cant information about the post-mortem processes that aff ected the fossil record. In the East Pisco Basin of southern Peru, a Panopea Ménard de la Groye,
Phylogeny and Phylogeography of the Geoduck Panopea (Bivalvia: Hiatellidae)
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Reclassification of Panopea generosa Var. Taeniata Dall, 1918, a Fossil Morphotype of P. globosa Dall, 1898
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Genetic and Morphological Variation of Northeast Pacific Panopea Clams: Evolutionary Implications
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The biological basis of phenotypic (morphometric) and genetic distinction between P. globosa and P. generosa is provided to assist in their management and conservation and to fill a major information gap pertaining to the distinction of both species.
Morphometric Relationships, Age, Growth, and Mortality of the Geoduck Clam, Panopea generosa, Along the Pacific Coast of Baja California, Mexico
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Determining Distribution and Size of Larval Pacific Geoduck Clams (Panopea generosa Gould 1850) in Quartermaster Harbor (Washington, USA) Using a Novel Sampling Approach
TLDR
These data represent the first reported study of geoduck larval distribution in the field and the first use of the FISH-CS technique for field collections and can be used to answer many relevant management questions locally and more broadly, including quantifying larval export from shellfish farms, placement of restoration sites and marine protected areas, and spread of invasive species.
Growth Variations in the Geoduck Panopea globosa in Different Climatological Regions of Northwestern Mexico
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Because the fishing management strategy for this species uses the minimum legal size (MLS), the MLS should vary regionally to promote sustainable use.
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