The Prevalence of Tree Nut Allergy: A Systematic Review

  title={The Prevalence of Tree Nut Allergy: A Systematic Review},
  author={Vicki McWilliam and Jennifer J. Koplin and Caroline J. Lodge and Mimi L. K. Tang and S. Dharmage and Katrina J. Allen},
  journal={Current Allergy and Asthma Reports},
Tree nuts are one of the most common foods causing acute allergic reactions and nearly all tree nuts have been associated with fatal allergic reactions. Despite their clinical importance, tree nut allergy epidemiology remains understudied and the prevalence of tree nut allergy in different regions of the world has not yet been well characterised. We aimed to systematically review the population prevalence of tree nut allergy in children and adults. We searched three electronic databases (OVID… 

Prevalence and natural history of tree nut allergy.

Current perspectives on tree nut allergy: a review

TN-specific skin tests and serum immunoglobulin E levels can help aid in the diagnosis of TN allergy, but a careful medical history is important because a positive test in isolation is not typically diagnostic.

Recent advances in the management of nut allergy

Nut Allergy: Clinical and Allergological Features in Italian Children

This is the first Italian study that provided a comprehensive characterization of children with a nut allergy, and the results are important for clinicians treating children withA nut allergy.

Patterns of Tree Nut Sensitization and Allergy in the First 6 Years of Life in a Population–Based Cohort

This study included infants recruited between 11 and 15 months for the longitudinal HealthNuts study in Melbourne, Australia and determined the relationship between egg and peanut allergy at age 1 year and tree nut allergies at age 6 years to guide testing and introduction advice.

Recent advances in the diagnosis and management of tree nut and seed allergy

There is a need for better minimally invasive diagnostic methods for TN and seed allergy, with CRD and BAT being promising tools.

Patterns of Clinical Reactivity in a Danish Cohort of Tree Nut Allergic Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults

In this Northern European cohort, subjects with clinically relevant tree nut allergy were generally allergic to two or more tree nuts and close to half of them also to peanuts, consistent with a strong sIgE correlation between hazelnut and walnut and a close to total sIglobulin E correlation between cashew and pistachio.



The natural history of tree nut allergy.

The prevalence of food allergy: a meta-analysis.

The prevalence of plant food allergies: a systematic review.

Prevalence of common food allergies in Europe: a systematic review and meta‐analysis

The lifetime self‐reported prevalence of allergy to common foods in Europe ranged from 0.1 to 6.0%.

The development and progression of allergy to multiple nuts at different ages

  • A. ClarkP. Ewan
  • Medicine
    Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
  • 2005
New findings are that a large proportion of those aged 0–1 yr with nut allergy are already sensitized (have specific IgE) to multiple nut types, implying in utero or early life sensitization; those who present later in childhood are increasingly likely to be sensitized and clinically allergic to multiple nuts.

A global survey of changing patterns of food allergy burden in children

There remains a need to gather more accurate data on the prevalence of food allergy in many developed and developing countries to better anticipate and address the rising community and health service burden of food allergies.

Cohort study of peanut and tree nut sensitisation by age of 4 years

It is suggested that 1 in 200 children could have reactions to peanuts and tree nuts by the age of 4 years and a similar number could have asymp- tomatic sensitisation.