The Prehistoric Solar Calendar: An Out-of-fashion Idea Revisited with New Evidence

@article{MacKie2009ThePS,
  title={The Prehistoric Solar Calendar: An Out-of-fashion Idea Revisited with New Evidence},
  author={Euan W. MacKie},
  journal={Time and Mind},
  year={2009},
  volume={2},
  pages={46 - 9}
}
  • E. MacKie
  • Published 1 January 2009
  • History
  • Time and Mind
Abstract The work of Alexander Thom on the geometrical and astronomical achievements of prehistoric Britain—depending as it does almost entirely on data gained from surveying and statistical analysis—is rarely referred to now by British archaeologists. Yet his idea of the prehistoric sixteen-”month” solar calendar—in which the year is divided successively into halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths—can now be tested with evidence from other fields, including some spectacular archaeological… 
A Rosetta Stone for the Prehistoric Solar Calendar? Kerbstone K15 at Knowth, Ireland
Abstract Interpreting Neolithic passage grave art is difficult but, according to middle range theory, could be achieved with analogies with known other factors. Celestial phenomena present one
Morphometric findings on the Nebra Sky Disc
ABSTRACT The so-called ‘Nebra Sky Disc’ is arguably the most important archaeological find in central Europe of the last two decades. It is a richly-decorated bronze plate with gold symbols, some of
Does the archaeoastronomic record of the Cotswold-Severn region reflect evidence of a transition from lunar to solar alignment?
This dissertation explores evidence for the practice of astronomy in central southern England during the Mesolithic and early Neolithic. It argues that those who built the prehistoric structures
Calendrical Interpretation of Spirals in Irish Megalithic Art
The tumuli of Newgrange and Knowth in Ireland are among the most monumental heritages of the Neolithic era. The megalithic constructions date back to around 3'200 BC, centuries before the completion
Calendrical Interpretation of Spirals in Irish Megalithic Art
The tumuli of Newgrange and Knowth in Ireland are among the most monumental heritages of the Neolithic era. The megalithic constructions date back to around 3'200 BC, centuries before the completion
Origins of Megalithic Astronomy in Britain
By c. 3000 BC, in the late Neolithic, there had been a significant change in the way people materialized their cosmology across Scotland with the introduction of free-standing stones. These were
Pushing back the frontiers or still running around the same circles? ‘Interpretative archaeoastronomy’ thirty years on
  • C. Ruggles
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • 2011
Abstract This personal perspective on the development of archaeoastronomy over the last thirty years focuses on interpretative and methodological issues, picking up for example from the debate
THE BROCH CULTURES OF ATLANTIC SCOTLAND. PART 2. THE MIDDLE IRON AGE: HIGH NOON AND DECLINE c.200 BC–AD 550
Summary The basic features of broch architecture are discussed. There were probably a large number of classic, hollow-walled, dry-stone towers, as opposed to lower, less architecturally
Operation Megalithic Lift
The theoretical alignments still had to be modified to the precise contours of the skyline. Although by Thom’s standards my design was very imprecise, with each marker stone occupying several degrees
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 70 REFERENCES
Archaeological tests on supposed prehistoric astronomical sites in Scotland
  • E. MacKie, J. Bibby
  • Physics
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1974
An astronomical interpretation of the British standing stone sites has been developed in great detail by A. Thom using methods and data which have hitherto rarely, if ever, been used by
A prehistoric calendrical site in Argyll?
The hypothesis that many prehistoric standing stone sites in Britain were set up, in relation to natural horizon marks, as astronomical observing instruments has been controversial for the past two
Continuity Over Three Thousand Years of Northern Prehistory: The ‘tel’ at Howe, Orkney
The excavation report of Howe, a multi-period prehistoric site in Orkney, appeared, in 1994 and is reviewed here in detail. The Iron Age levels revealed a series of stone roundhouses and broch-like
Irish symbols of 3500 B.C.
The riddle of the inscriptions at Newgrange, Knowth and other equally ancient Irish sites in the Boyne valley has been partly deciphered at last. The inscribed passage mound stones tell of
The structure and skills of British Neolithic Society: a brief response to Clive Ruggles & Gordon Barclay
Introduction This 6s a summary of my reply to the criticisms of my views published recently in this journal (Ruggles & Barclay 2000); the original 36,000-word version [itself reduced from 33,000!),
Science and society in prehistoric Britain
The Bush Barrow gold lozenge: is it a solar and lunar calendar for Stonehenge?
Papers in ANTIQUITY earlier this year (Kinnes et al. 1988; Shell 6. Robinson 1988) have studied evidence for the original profile-shape of the decorated gold lozenge, from Bush Barrow, in the
Darwinism and its discontents
TLDR
Ruse points out that evolution remains the best explanation of the fact that “missing links” have been popping up regularly since Darwin’s day, with no countervailing finds; that phylogenies first established by traditional systematic methods have been corroborated, except for details, by phylogenetic systematics; and that recently these phylogenies have been shown to be beautifully consilient with molecular sequencing data coming from a flood of genome sequencing projects.
A Possible Pythagorean Triangle at Stonehenge
It has been known for some time that the diagonals of the station stone rectangle at Stonehenge intersect at about 45 degrees.'> This means that the rectangle is split by either of its diagonals into
An interpretation of the Nebra disc
The Nebra disc is one of the most sensational European discoveries of the decade. It appears to carry symbols of the sun, moon and stars wrought in gold on a flat bronze disc just over a foot across
...
...