The Precautionary Principle: Implications for Risk Management Strategies

  title={The Precautionary Principle: Implications for Risk Management Strategies},
  author={Andrea Saltelli and Silvio Funtowicz},
  journal={Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal},
  pages={69 - 83}
  • A. Saltelli, S. Funtowicz
  • Published 2004
  • Economics, Medicine, Psychology
  • Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal
ABSTRACT The European Commission has published a Communication on the Precautionary Principle and a White Book on Governance. These provide us (as research civil servants of the Commission) an institutional framework for handling scientific information that is often incomplete, uncertain, and contested. But, although the Precautionary Principle is intuitively straightforward to understand, there is no agreed way of applying it to real decision-making. To meet this perceived need, researchers… Expand
If Post-Normal Science is the Solution, What is the Problem?: The Politics of Activist Environmental Science
Post-normal science (PNS) is presented by its proponents as a new way of doing science that deals with uncertainties, value diversity or antagonism, and high decision stakes and urgency, with theExpand
Mining development provides tremendous amount of long-term environmental and community degradation all over the world. Often, local communities bear the burden. This article demonstrates how theExpand
Understanding Rationality in Sustainable Development Decision-Making: Unfolding the Motivations for Action
In sustainable development (SD), the rationality behind decision-making is non-trivial because it deals with, among others, inter-temporal issues in complex systems. Choosing the rational thing to doExpand
From compliance to coping : experiences of Chief Risk Officers in UK banks 2007-2009
Even without the pressures of a financial crisis, the Chief Risk Officer (CRO) in UK banks occupied a potentially conflicted role during 2007 – 9. The Boards of banks had created the CRO role withExpand
Principio de precaución y medio ambiente
The precautionary principle is a response to uncertainty in the face of risks to health or the environment. In general, it involves taking measures to avoid potential harm, despite lack of scientificExpand
Obstacles to and potentials of the societal implementation of sustainable development: a comparative analysis of two case studies
Abstract Currently, a growing societal awareness of problems in the context of unsustainable development meets with conflicts of interest, and the actual implementation of sustainability research,Expand
Sensitivity analysis practices: Strategies for model-based inference
It is demonstrated that this use of OAT methods is illicit and unjustified, unless the model under analysis is proved to be linear, and it is shown that available good practices are able to overcome OAT shortcomings and easy to implement. Expand
A review of public opinion on liquid biofuels in the EU: Current knowledge and future challenges
Abstract Biofuels are regarded as a key element in order to reach the EU renewable energy targets. However the implementation of biofuel technologies, depending on the type of feedstock utilised, mayExpand
Uncertainty, innovation, and dynamic sustainable development
Abstract Sustainable development is a rich concept that has helped shape the discussion of human society’s interaction with the biosphere. However, the term “sustainable development” is contentious,Expand
An index of relative displacement risk to hurricanes
Indicator and index-building activities have become commonplace for assessing and estimating social, environmental, and economic strengths and vulnerabilities of communities, regions and evenExpand


The Precautionary Principle and Ecological Hazards of Genetically Modified Organisms
The precautionary principle entails that scientists move away from the concept of “substantive rationality” to that of "procedural rationality" (trying to help society to find “satisficing” solutions), which means that traditional risk analysis becomes powerless. Expand
The Precautionary Principle: Scientific Uncertainty and Type I and Type II Errors
We provide examples of the extent and nature of environmental and human health problems and show why in the United States prevailing scientific and legal burden of proof requirements usually cannotExpand
The mission of the Institute is to provide techno-economic analysis support to the European decision-makers, by monitoring and analysing Science & Technology related developments, theirExpand
The Skeptical Environmentalist
The Skeptical Environmentalist challenges widely held beliefs that the environmental situation is getting worse and worse. The author, himself a former member of Greenpeace, is critical of the way inExpand
Post-Normal Science — an insight now maturing
The concept of Post-Normal Science has evolved continuously since the first presentation of its characteristic diagram, some sixteen years ago [1], in response to the changing contexts in science andExpand
On the problem of model validation for predictive exposure assessments
The notion of a model having maximum relevance to the performance of a specific task, such as, for example, a predictive exposure assessment is introduced, following a survey of past attempts at resolving the issue of model validation. Expand
A Quantitative Model-Independent Method for Global Sensitivity Analysis of Model Output
Taylor and Francis shall not be liable for any losses, actions, claims, proceedings, demands, costs, expenses, damages, and other liabilities whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with, in relation to or arising out of the use of the Content. Expand
On the Relative Importance of Input Factors in Mathematical Models
This article deals with global quantitative sensitivity analysis of the Level E model, a computer code used in safety assessment for nuclear waste disposal. The Level E code has been the subject ofExpand
Approach to the preliminary analysis of environmental systems
In the preliminary analysis of environmental problems, mathematical modelling studies can sometimes aid in hypothesis development and in the integration of preliminary data. Circumstances usuallyExpand
Sensitivity Analysis
Recall that in order to formulate a problem as a linear program, you had to invoke a certainty assumption: you had to know what value the data took on, and you have made decisions based on that data.Expand