The Pre-Flexnerian Reports: Mark Twain's Criticism of Medicine in the United States

  title={The Pre-Flexnerian Reports: Mark Twain's Criticism of Medicine in the United States},
  author={Patrick Ober},
  journal={Annals of Internal Medicine},
  • Patrick Ober
  • Published 15 January 1997
  • Medicine
  • Annals of Internal Medicine
The year 1910 is remembered for the long-predicted return of Halley's comet, the death of Mark Twain, and the publication of Abraham Flexner's famous treatise, Medical Education in the United States and Canada. The Flexner report criticized the medical education of its era as a loose and poorly structured apprenticeship system that generally lacked any defined standards or goals beyond the generation of financial profit [1]. Medical education eventually developed into a formalized scientific… 
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