The Practice of Spencerian Science: Patrick Geddes's Biosocial Program, 1876–1889

@article{Renwick2009ThePO,
  title={The Practice of Spencerian Science: Patrick Geddes's Biosocial Program, 1876–1889},
  author={Chris Renwick},
  journal={Isis},
  year={2009},
  volume={100},
  pages={36 - 57}
}
From the Victorian era to our own, critics of Herbert Spencer have portrayed his science‐based philosophical system as irrelevant to the concerns of practicing scientists. Yet, as a number of scholars have recently argued, an extraordinary range of reformist and experimental projects across the human and life sciences took their bearings from Spencer's work. This essay examines Spencerian science as practiced by the biologist, sociologist, and town planner Patrick Geddes (1854–1932). Through a… Expand
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