The Politics of Rating Freedom: Ideological Affinity, Private Authority, and the Freedom in the World Ratings

@article{Bush2017ThePO,
  title={The Politics of Rating Freedom: Ideological Affinity, Private Authority, and the Freedom in the World Ratings},
  author={Sarah Sunn Bush},
  journal={Perspectives on Politics},
  year={2017},
  volume={15},
  pages={711 - 731}
}
  • S. Bush
  • Published 18 August 2017
  • Psychology
  • Perspectives on Politics
The Freedom in the World (FITW) ratings of countries’ freedom, created by Freedom House in 1972, are widely used by many U.S. audiences, including journalists, policymakers, and scholars. Why and how did these ratings acquire private authority in the United States? Furthermore, why and to what extent have they retained private authority over time and across different audiences? Contrary to previous research on private authority, which emphasizes the role of raters’ expertise and independence, I… 

Press Freedom and Media Reform in a Populist Regime: How Ecuadorian Journalists and Policy Actors See the Correa Era

This article considers the debates about press freedom raised by an important case of populist media reform in Latin America, drawing on interviews with Ecuadorian journalists, policy makers, and

Users Working Paper 24

Many vital questions in comparative politics and international relations concern the transition to and from democracy. This tradition makes the measurement of democracy, in particular, the threshold

How (not) to measure democracy

  • V. Boese
  • Political Science
    International Area Studies Review
  • 2019
Measures of democracy are regularly employed in the statistical analysis of economic, political, and social policy. This paper reviews the measures" setup, strength, and weaknesses across the three

The ‘emancipation of media’: Latin American advocacy for a New International Information Order in the 1970s

Abstract Throughout the 1970s, journalists and leaders in the Global South organized around the concept of a New International Information Order (NIIO), premised upon the self-determination of news

The Production of North American and German Democracy Promotion Expertise: A Practice Theoretical Analysis

In international relations, there is regular reflection about the complex relations between academic and various kinds of practical knowledge. In this article, we add to these reflections using the

Measuring freedom: Rethinking ranking methodologies

This article is a critical analysis of the methodology of press freedom indices of two independent international watchdog organizations, Freedom House (<uri

From territoriality to universality?: jurisdiction, expertise and the politics of humanity in International Law

The dissertation explores the politics of jurisdiction in international law. In order to do so, it reconstructs jurisdictional projects pursued by scholars and experts particularly in the context of

National Perspectives and Quantitative Datasets: A Silver Lining?

  • S. Bush
  • Political Science
    Journal of Global Security Studies
  • 2019
As noted by other contributions to this special issue, an American perspective shapes many leading quantitative datasets used by international relations scholars. This tendency can lead to biased

Is China exporting media censorship? China’s rise, media freedoms, and democracy

This study explores the relationship between China’s rise and media censorship around the world, in light of recent suggestions in the Western press and among China experts that Beijing is advancing

How Much Should We Trust the Dictator ’ s GDP Estimates ?

I study the manipulation of GDP statistics in weak and non-democracies. I show that the elasticity of official GDP figures to nighttime lights is systematically larger in more authoritarian regimes.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 111 REFERENCES

Comparing Freedom House Democracy Scores to Alternative Indices and Testing for Political Bias: Are US Allies Rated as More Democratic by Freedom House?

Abstract Several scholars have criticized the Freedom House democracy ratings as being politically biased. Do countries indeed incorrectly receive better ratings that have stronger political ties

The Comparative Survey of Freedom: Experiences and Suggestions

The article describes the Comparative Survey of Freedom, produced from 1975 to 1989 in article form, and from 1978 to 1989 in book form as well. The survey rates annually all independent states and

The emerging politics of international rankings and ratings: A framework for analysis

OnMay 7, 2012, on his first day as once-again elected President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin declared that he would make economic modernization the goal of his administration, vowing to

Playing Favorites: How Shared Beliefs Shape the IMF's Lending Decisions

  • S. Nelson
  • Economics
    International Organization
  • 2014
Abstract International organizations (IOs) suffuse world politics, but the International Monetary Fund (IMF) stands out as an unusually important IO. My research suggests that IMF lending is

Accountability in Accounting? The Politics of Private Rule‐Making in the Public Interest

Over recent decades governments have increasingly delegated domestic and international regulatory functions to private-sector agents. This article examines the reasons for such delegation and how

Political and ideological aspects in the measurement of democracy: the Freedom House case

While several studies have dealt with methodological aspects of measuring democracy, little attention has been devoted to the political and ideological issues that affect the construction and

The Democracy Makers: Human Rights and the Politics of Global Order

With reform ferment in the Arab world, an emerging democracy in Iraq, and the colour-coded democratic revolutions in post-communist societies, a hitherto relatively obscure field of global civic

D-Minus Elections: The Politics and Norms of International Election Observation

  • J. Kelley
  • Political Science
    International Organization
  • 2009
Abstract As international election monitors have grown active worldwide, their announcements have gained influence. Sometimes, however, they endorse highly flawed elections. Because their leverage

The Economist Intelligence Unit’s index of democracy

Defining and measuring democracy There is no consensus on how to measure democracy, defi nitions of democracy are contested and there is an ongoing lively debate on the subject. The issue is not only

Rightful Rules : Authority , Order , and the Foundations of Global Governance

  • L. A.
  • Political Science, Law
  • 2010
Global governance is an important and increasingly popular topic of inquiry. Nonetheless, existing research remains too statist, privileging states and limiting other forms of governance to the
...