The Politics of Protest

  title={The Politics of Protest},
  author={William E. Scheuerman},
  journal={International Review of Social History},
  pages={121 - 146}
  • W. Scheuerman
  • Published 1 August 1986
  • History
  • International Review of Social History
On November 4, 1919, six weeks into the Great Steel Strike, the citizens of Lackawanna, New York, elected John H. Gibbons as their Mayor. Gibbons' victory was a major upset. He defeated John Toomey, the incumbent who had the support of the steel firm after which this quintessential company town was named, by forging a loosely knit coalition of native and Eastern European immigrant workers during the height of the xenophobia of the ongoing Red Scare. Gibbons' election came at a time when the… 



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