The Political Economy of Democratic Transitions

  title={The Political Economy of Democratic Transitions},
  author={Stephan Haggard and R. Kaufman},
Since the 1970s there has been a widespread movement from authoritarian to democratic rule among developing countries, often occuring against a backdrop of severe economic crises and the adoption of market-oriented reforms. The coincidence of these events raises long-standing questions about the relationship between economic and political change. This book analyzes this relationship, addressing a variety of questions: What role have economic crises played in the current wave of political… Expand
The Dilemmas of Democracy in the Open Economy: Lessons from Latin America
Scholars have usually understood the problem of democratic consolidation in terms of the creation of mechanisms that make possible the avoidance of populist excesses, polarized conflicts, orExpand
Economic reform and political transition in Africa : the quest for a politics of development.
The 1980s were bracketed by crises in Africa, as protracted economic malaise was succeeded by a wave of political reform. Analysts have sought to understand the sources of economic decline as well asExpand
Economic liberalization Syria : prospects for regime stability and democratization
Abstract : From 1985 to 1991, Syria experienced a severe economic crisis. In response, the regime of Hafiz al-Asad implemented economic reforms designed to move the Syrian economy toward free-marketExpand
Neo-Liberalism in Latin America: ‘Triumph’ and Institutional Deficiencies
Nothing short of a sea change has occurred in the political economies of Latin-America since the 1980s. Almost every Latin-American state has engaged in a profound process of political-economicExpand
Economic Reforms and Democracy
This article explores the relationship between economic reforms and democracy in Latin America between 1970 and 1995. Existing theories suggest divergent effects across time horizons. TheExpand
The Politics of Economic Crisis in Latin America
Researchers widely recognize that economic crises have important political consequences, yet there is little systematic research on the political factors that make nations more or less susceptible toExpand
Institutional persistence or reform: self-enforcing modernization and stagnation in transition countries
We present an empirical model that explicitly accounts for gradual, dy- namic transition processes in post-communist countries. Simulation results based on this model re ect the diverging transitionExpand
Does democratization facilitate economic liberalization
Previous empirical studies have found that the institutions and policies of democracies are generally more supportive of economic freedom than authoritarian political regimes. This paper employs aExpand
The Global Economic Crisis and the Politics of Non-Transitions
Abstract This paper investigates the effects of the global economic crisis (GEC) on political change. A number of emerging European economies have experienced political turnover, but in otherExpand
Economic Reform in a Democratizing Africa
The spread of the "third wave" of democratization to sub-Saharan Africa in the early 1990s represented the most significant political change in the continent since the independence period threeExpand


The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century
Between 1974 and 1990 more than 30 countries in Southern Europe, Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe shifted from authoritarian to democratic systems of government. This global democraticExpand
Dilemmas of Democratization in Latin America
The demise of authoritarian rule in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, and Uruguay, when combined with efforts at political liberalization in Mexico and the recent election of civilianExpand
Rethinking Military Politics: Brazil and the Southern Cone
The last four years have seen a remarkable resurgence of democracy in the Southern Cone of the Americas. Military regimes have been replaced in Argentina (1983), Uruguay (1985), and Brazil (1985).Expand
“Effective” Number of Parties
The qEffectiveq Number of Parties: qA Measure with Application to West Europeq Laakso, Markku;Taagepera, Rein Comparative Political Studies; Apr 1, 1979; 12, 1; Proouest pg. 3 “EFFECTIVE” NUMBER OFExpand
The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes
New Democracies, which Democracies ?LOSS OF LEGITIMACY AND THE BREAKDOWN OF DEMOCRATIC REGIMES : THE CASE OF THE FOURTH REPUBLICPolitics, Society, And Democracy Latin AmericaChallenges of DemocracyExpand