The Plio-Pleistocene Ancestor of Wild Dogs, Lycaon sekowei n. sp

  title={The Plio-Pleistocene Ancestor of Wild Dogs, Lycaon sekowei n. sp},
  author={Adam Hartstone‐Rose and Lars Werdelin and Darryl J. de Ruiter and Lee R. Berger and Steven Emilio Churchill},
Abstract African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) occupy an ecological niche characterized by hypercarnivory and cursorial hunting. Previous interpretations drawn from a limited, mostly Eurasian fossil record suggest that the evolutionary shift to cursorial hunting preceded the emergence of hypercarnivory in the Lycaon lineage. Here we describe 1.9–1.0 ma fossils from two South African sites representing a putative ancestor of the wild dog. The holotype is a nearly complete maxilla from Coopers Cave… 

A new canid species (Carnivora: Canidae) from the Plio-Pleistocene hominin-bearing site of Kromdraai (Cradle of Humankind, Gauteng, South Africa)

A new canid species is described based on 27 newly discovered dental and postcranial specimens of Canis hewitti sp.

Carnivoran Remains from the Malapa Hominin Site, South Africa

The fauna represented at Malapa has the potential to elucidate aspects of the evolution of Dinofelis and may help resolve competing hypotheses about faunal exchange between East and Southern Africa during the late Pliocene or early Pleistocene.

The first hunting dog from Dmanisi: comments of social behaviour in Canidae and hominins

The first record of a large-sized canid from this site, namely dentognathic remains, is reported, referable to a young adult individual that displays hypercarnivorous features that allow it to be included in the hypodigm of the late Early Pleistocene European species Canis (Xenocyon) lycaonoides.

The early hunting dog from Dmanisi with comments on the social behaviour in Canidae and hominins

This paper reports on the first record of a large-sized canid from this site, namely dentognathic remains, referable to a young adult individual that displays hypercarnivorous features that allow for these specimens in the hypodigm of the late Early Pleistocene species Canis (Xenocyon) lycaonoides.

Pleistocene Carnivora (Mammalia) from Tighennif (Ternifine), Algeria

New Material and Revision of the Carnivora, Mammalia from the Lower Pleistocene Locality Apollonia 1, Greece

  • G. Koufos
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2018
During the last field campaigns in the mammal fossiliferous site Apollonia 1 (Macedonia, Greece), new carnivoran material has been discovered. The new collection added two new carnivoran taxa,

Reconstructing the diets of extinct South African carnivorans from premolar ‘intercuspid notch’ morphology

Application of the scoring method to extinct carnivorans suggests that the Plio-Pleistocene hyaenid Chasmaporthetes was hypercarnivorous, similar to modern felids, and not durophagous, like the confamilial modern hyenas.

The carnivore guild circa 1.98 million years: biodiversity and implications for the palaeoenvironment at Malapa, South Africa

The Malapa carnivorans support widespread shifts in carnivore turnover circa 2.0 Ma in Africa and suggest, together with other lines of evidence, the occurrence of a regional transitioning environment during the time of Au.



A sabre-tooth felid from Coopers Cave (Gauteng, South Africa) and its implications for Megantereon (Felidae: Machairodontinae) taxonomy

Analysis of a new sabre-tooth felid mandible recovered from the Plio-Pleistocene hominid-bearing site of Coopers, South Africa, indicates that it can be assigned to the genus Megantereon, though it is by some measures the smallest individual of this taxon yet described.

Phylogeny of the Caninae (Carnivora, Canidae) : the living taxa. American Museum novitates ; no. 3146

The reconstruction delineates two sister taxa: the foxlike tribe Vulpini, and the wolflike and South American taxa, tribe Canini, which leads to a more fully resolved relationship than presently available from other systems.

Iterative evolution of hypercarnivory in canids (Mammalia: Carnivora): evolutionary interactions among sympatric predators

It is suggested that the iterative pattern of specialization of the lower molars for meat-slicing that is seen in all families of carnivores, past and present, is probably a result of intraspecific competition for food, perhaps among littermates.

Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Oldoway-Expedition 1913

  • A. W.
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1937
AbstractTHE fossil remains of mammals found in the Middle Pleistocene freshwater deposits at Oldoway in Tanganyika Territory are interesting because they include several survivors from the Pliocene

Walker's mammals of the world

From aardwolves and bandicoots to yapoks and zorillas, Ernest P. Walker's Mammals of the World is the most comprehensive-the pre-eminent-reference work on mammals. Now, completely revised and

An Introduction to the Study of Mammals Living and Extinct

THIS work is, as the authors inform us in the preface, based largely upon the article Mammalia, together with forty shorter articles, written by Prof. Flower for the ninth edition of the

Some South African pliocene and pleistocene mammals

All the fossil mammals here described have been found in South African cave or fissure deposits. One or two have been briefly described without figures; while a number have been figured without any

The evolution of cursorial carnivores in the Tertiary: implications of elbow-joint morphology

  • K. AnderssonL. Werdelin
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 2003
It is shown morphometrically that in extant carnivores, the elbow joint has evolved in two distinct directions with mutually exclusive implications for locomotor ability and prey procurement.

A molecular phylogeny of the Canidae based on six nuclear loci.