The Plague Doctor of Venice

@article{Mussap2019ThePD,
  title={The Plague Doctor of Venice},
  author={Christian J Mussap},
  journal={Internal Medicine Journal},
  year={2019},
  volume={49}
}
  • C. Mussap
  • Published 1 May 2019
  • Medicine
  • Internal Medicine Journal
There is a distinctive Venetian carnival mask with sinister overtones and historical significance to physicians because it belongs to the ‘Doctor of the Plague’. The costume features a beaked white mask, black hat and waxed gown. This was worn by mediaeval Plague Doctors as protection according to the Miasma Theory of disease propagation. The plague (or Black Death), ravaged Europe over several centuries with each pandemic leaving millions of people dead. The cause of the contagion was not… Expand
Mask wearing: A historical, cultural and ethical perspective
  • D. Isaacs
  • Medicine
  • Journal of paediatrics and child health
  • 2020
TLDR
A systematic review and meta-analysis of public health methods to prevent person-to-person transmission concluded that face mask use could result in an 85% reduction in risk of infection, however, the evidence was much stronger for the use of face masks as part of personal protective equipment in healthcare settings than in community settings, and stronger for N95/P2 masks than for surgical masks and cotton masks. Expand
Masks in context: representation, emergence, motility and self
We are all now aware of masks and their affects. In the last 18 months, they have proliferated and in doing so replicated most of the major tropes of material culture studies. In Europe and the USExpand
When duty house calls
The phrase “house call” conjures up nostalgia for an era most of us have never experienced, painted with cheerful and tender Norman Rockwell–style strokes. The avuncular physician, likely a man, cladExpand
Plague

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES
What caused the Black Death?
TLDR
Evidence is presented that the Black Death was a viral haemorrhagic fever, characterised by a long incubation period of 32 days, which allowed it to be spread widely even with the limited transport of the Middle Ages. Expand
De Mussis and the great plague of 1348. A forgotten episode of bacteriological warfare.
Efforts to defeat the enemy by deliberate spread of contagious disease among his forces greatly antedate the brilliant advances in microbiological science of the 19th and 20th centuries. A majorExpand
The history of the plague and the research on the causative agent Yersinia pestis
TLDR
The gram-negative coccobacillus now designated as Yersinia pestis has been discovered as the causative agent of plague in this Hong Kong outbreak, and its detailed role in the transmission of plague has been found and experimentally verified. Expand
Distinct Clones of Yersinia pestis Caused the Black Death
TLDR
The results clarify the etiology of the Black Death and provide a paradigm for a detailed historical reconstruction of the infection routes followed by this disease. Expand
Mummy as a Drug
  • W. Dawson
  • Medicine
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine
  • 1927
TLDR
The use of mummy as a drug was widespread in Europe from the twelfth to the seventeenth centuries, and its employment lingered on for a hundred years later, when it finally become obsolete until the latter part of the eighteenth century. Expand
Climate-driven introduction of the Black Death and successive plague reintroductions into Europe
TLDR
It is shown that climate-driven outbreaks of Yersinia pestis in Asian rodent plague reservoirs are significantly associated with new waves of plague arriving into Europe through its maritime trade network with Asia, which strongly suggests that the bacterium was continuously reimported into Europe during the second plague pandemic. Expand
Venetian treacle and the foundation of medicines regulation.
  • J. Griffin
  • Medicine
  • British journal of clinical pharmacology
  • 2004
TLDR
The concepts developed in the history of Mithridatium form the basis of modern medicines regulation. Expand
The Black Death: Natural and Human Disaster in Medieval Europe
A fascinating work of detective history, "The Black Death" traces the causes and far-reaching consequences of this infamous outbreak of plague that spread across the continent of Europe from 1347 toExpand
Resistance of Yersinia pestis to Antimicrobial Agents
TLDR
The demonstration that horizontal gene transfer in the flea midgut may be the source of antibiotic-resistant Y. pestis strains is of great concern and indicates that such a clinically ominous event may occur again. Expand
LXVII. Observations on the mechanism of the transmission of plague by fleas.
TLDR
The conclusion, that this insect plays animportant role in the spread of plague, was arrived at on epidemiologicalrounds by Ogata (1897), Simond (1898), Ashburton Thompson (1903), and Liston (1905). Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...