The Place of Osmophobia and Taste Abnormalities in Migraine Classification: A Tertiary Care Study of 1237 Patients

@article{Kelman2004ThePO,
  title={The Place of Osmophobia and Taste Abnormalities in Migraine Classification: A Tertiary Care Study of 1237 Patients},
  author={Leslie Kelman},
  journal={Cephalalgia},
  year={2004},
  volume={24},
  pages={940 - 946}
}
  • L. Kelman
  • Published 1 November 2004
  • Medicine
  • Cephalalgia
This study evaluates osmophobia and taste abnormalities in relationship to sensitivity and specificity in the classification of migraine. Consecutive International Headache Society (IHS) classified patients (n = 1237) were evaluated. Symptoms were graded from 0 to 3. Osmophobia and taste abnormalities were tested for sensitivity and specificity in migraine diagnosis. The patients were 85.4% female and their mean age was 38.1 years. Of 673 patients 24.7% complained of osmophobia, and 24.6% of… 
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TLDR
Osmophobia appears structurally integrated into the migraine history of the patient; however, for differential diagnosis with ETTH, other criteria are necessary.
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TLDR
Osmophobia and odors as triggers for headaches are useful in diagnosing migraine and are markers for the severity of migraine in the pediatric population.
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The study shows that features like osmophobia, allodynia and red ear syndrome are not uncommon in migraine while they are absent in other types of headache.
Nosographic analysis of osmophobia and field testing of diagnostic criteria including osmophobia
TLDR
Osmophobia is a valuable symptom that may be useful to differentiate between migraine without aura and tension-type headache in difficult clinical cases and does not suggest that alterations of the current diagnostic criteria for migraine without Aura are needed.
Osmophobia in migraine classification: A multicentre study in juvenile patients
TLDR
This study demonstrates that this new approach, proposed in the Appendix (A1.1) of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-II), appears easy to apply and should improve the diagnostic standard of ICHD-II in young patients too.
Migraine, Osmophobia, and Anxiety.
TLDR
Osmophobia in migraine patients is associated with significant anxiety symptoms, length of headache history, and phonophobia, and among the migraine patients, those with anxiety, more years of headaches history,and phonophobia presented significantly more osmophobia.
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