The Pioneer Anomaly

@article{Turyshev2010ThePA,
  title={The Pioneer Anomaly},
  author={Slava G. Turyshev and V. Toth},
  journal={Living Reviews in Relativity},
  year={2010},
  volume={13}
}
  • S. Turyshev, V. Toth
  • Published 20 January 2010
  • Physics, Medicine
  • Living Reviews in Relativity
Radio-metric Doppler tracking data received from the Pioneer 10 and 11 spacecraft from heliocentric distances of 20–70 AU has consistently indicated the presence of a small, anomalous, blue-shifted frequency drift uniformly changing with a rate of ∼ 6 × 10−9 Hz/s. Ultimately, the drift was interpreted as a constant sunward deceleration of each particular spacecraft at the level of aP = (8.74 ± 1.33) × 10−10 m/s2. This apparent violation of the Newton’s gravitational inverse-square law has… Expand

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The Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft yielded the most precise navigation in deep space to date. However, their radio-metric tracking data has consistently indicated the presence of a small, anomalous,Expand
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Analysis of radio-metric tracking data from the Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft at distances between 20 70 astronomical units (AU) from the Sun has consistently indicated the presence of an anomalous,Expand
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The Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft yielded the most precise navigation in deep space to date. However, their radiometric tracking data has consistently indicated the presence of a small, anomalous, DopplerExpand
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The Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft yielded the most precise navigation in deep space to date. However, their radio‐metric tracking data received from the distances between 20–70 astronomical units from theExpand
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The Pioneer 10 and 11 spacecraft yielded the most precise navigation in deep space to date. However, while at heliocentric distance of $\sim$ 20--70 AU, the accuracies of their orbit reconstructionsExpand
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Analysis of the radio tracking data from the Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft has consistently indicated the presence of an anomalous small Doppler frequency drift. The drift can be interpreted as being dueExpand
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