The Pine Looper in Britain and Europe

@inproceedings{Barbour1988ThePL,
  title={The Pine Looper in Britain and Europe},
  author={D. A. Barbour},
  year={1988}
}
The pine looper moth, Bupalus piniaria Linnaeus, has been a serious pest of European forestry for more than 200 years, particularly in Germany,15,17,30,32,61 In the Netherlands, where the looper has never attained pest status, the population dynamics and general biology have been intensively studied.10,20,37,38 The pine looper was not known as a pest in Britain until 1953, when larvae totally defoliated 40 ha of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) at Cannock Chase, Staffordshire. Subsequent secondary… Expand
Impact of pine looper defoliation in Scots pine
SYNCHRONY IN OUTBREAKS OF FOREST LEPIDOPTERA: A POSSIBLE EXAMPLE OF THE MORAN EFFECT
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