The Pierre Auger Cosmic Ray Observatory

  title={The Pierre Auger Cosmic Ray Observatory},
  author={A. Aab and Pedro Abreu and Marco Aglietta and E. j. Ahn and Imen Al Samarai and J-N. Albert and Ivone F. M. Albuquerque and Ingomar Allekotte and J. Allen and P. Allison and Alejandro Almela and Jesus Alvarez Castillo and Jaime Alvarez-Mu{\~n}iz and Rafael Alves Batista and M. Ambrosio and Amin Aminaei and Luis A. Anchordoqui and Sofia Andringa and Carla Aramo and Victor Manuel Aranda and Stefano Argiro and Katsushi Arisaka and Francesco Arneodo and Fernando Arqueros and T. Asch and Hern{\'a}n Asorey and P. Assis and Julien Aublin and Maximo Ave and Michel Avenier and Gualberto Avila and Nafiun Awal and Alina M. Badescu and Matthias Norbert Balzer and Kerri B Barber and Ademarlaudo F. Barbosa and N. Barenthien and Max Barkhausen and Josef Baeuml and Colin Baus and James J. Beatty and Kurt H. Becker and J Almirall Bellido and Segev BenZvi and Corinne B{\'e}rat and T. Bergmann and Mario Edoardo Bertaina and Peter L. Biermann and R. Bilhaut and P. Billoir and Sean Blaes and Miguel Blanco and Carla Bleve and H. Bluemer and Martina Boh{\'a}{\vc}ov{\'a} and Holger Bolz and Denise Boncioli and Cesar Bonifaz and R. Bonino and Murat Boratav and Nataliia Borodai and F. Bracci and Jeffrey Brack and I. Brancus and Ariel M. Bridgeman and Pedro Brogueira and William Cullen Brown and Peter Buchholz and A. Bueno and Stijn Buitink and Mario Buscemi and Karen S. Caballero-Mora and Barbara Caccianiga and Lorenzo Caccianiga and David V. Camin and Marina Candusso and Laurenţiu I. Caramete and Rossella Caruso and Antonella Castellina and Alain Castera and Gabriella Cataldi and Lorenzo Cazon and Rosanna Cester and Alan G Chavez and Andrea Chiavassa and Jose Augusto Chinellato and Michela Chiosso and Jiri Chudoba and Marco Cilmo and P D J Clark and Roger Clay and Giuseppe Cocciolo and Roberta Colalillo and A. Coleman and Laura Collica and E. Colombo and St{\`e}phane Colonges and M. R. Coluccia and R{\'u}ben Conceiç{\~a}o and Fernando Contreras and Mathew J Cooper and Joseph Coppens and Alain Cordier and B. Courty and St{\'e}phane Coutu and Corbin Edward Covault and James W. Cronin and A. Curutiu and Richard Dallier and Bruno Daniel and Sergio Dasso and Kai Daumiller and Bruce R. Dawson and Rog{\'e}rio M. de Almeida and Manlio De Domenico and Cinzia De Donato and Sijbrand Jan de Jong and Jo{\~a}o de Mello Neto and Ivan De Mitri and Jos{\'e} de Oliveira and Vitor de Souza and Krijn D. de Vries and Luis del Peral and Olivier Deligny and Hans Peter Dembinski and Niraj Dhital and Claudio Di Giulio and A. di Matteo and J. C. Chirinos Diaz and Mary Lucia D{\'i}az Castro and Francisco Diogo and Carola Dobrigkeit and Wendy Docters and C. Dobrigkeit J.C. D'Olivo and Peter Dolron and Alexei V. Dorofeev and Qader Dorosti Hasankiadeh and M. T. Dova and Domenico D'urso and Jan Ebr and Ralph Engel and L. N. Epele and Martin Erdmann and Mona Erfani and Carlos Ourivio Escobar and Joao Canhoto Espadanal and Alberto Etchegoyen and Pedro Facal San Luis and Heino Falcke and Ke Fang and Glennys R. Farrar and A. Campos Fauth and Norberto Fazzini and Andrew P Ferguson and Mateus Fernandes and A. Ferrero and Brian E. Fick and Juan Manuel Figueira and Alberto Filevich and Andrej Filip{\vc}i{\vc} and Brendan Fox and Eric Dani{\"e}l Fraenkel and Octavian Fratu and Mart'in Miguel Freire and Uwe Froehlich and Benjamin Fuchs and Walter Fulgione and Toshihiro Fujii and Beatriz Garcia and D. Garcia-Gamez and Diego Garc{\'i}a-Pinto and G. Garilli and Alberto Gasc{\'o}n Bravo and Florian Gat{\'e} and Heiko Geenen and Hartmut Gemmeke and Bernard Genolini and Piera Luisa Ghia and Ugo Gregorio Giaccari and Marco Giammarchi and Kenneth Gerard Gibbs and Maria Giller and Nunzio Giudice and Christian Glaser and Henry D. Glass and Mariano G{\'o}mez Berisso and Primo F. G{\'o}mez Vitale and P. Gonçalves and J. G. Gonzalez and Nicol{\'a}s Mart{\'i}n Gonz{\'a}lez and Ben Gookin and Dariusz G{\'o}ra and J. W. H. Gordon and Alessio Gorgi and P. W. Gorham and W. M. Gotink and Philippe Gouffon and S. F. Grebe and Nathan Griffith and Aurelio F. Grillo and Trent D. Grubb and Jiri G. Grygar and Nunzio Guardone and Fausto Guarino and Germano P. Guedes and L. Guglielmi and Ren{\'e} Habraken and Mat'ias Rolf Hampel and Patricia Hansen and Diego D. Harari and S. Harmsma and Thomas A Harrison and Sebastian Hartmann and John L. Harton and Andreas Haungs and Thomas Hebbeker and D. Heck and Philip A. Heimann and Alexander E. Herv{\'e} and Gary C. Hill and Carlos Hojvat and Nicholas Hollon and Ewa M. Holt and Piotr Homola and Joerg Rudolf Hoerandel and Andreas Horneffer and Milena Horvat and P{\'e}ter Horv{\'a}th and Miroslav Hrabovsky and Daniel Huber and Holly Hucker and T. Huege and Marco Iarlori and Antonio Insolia and Paula Gina Isar and Ingolf Jandt and Stefan Jansen and Cecilia Jarne and Jeffrey A. Johnsen and Mariela Josebachuili and A. Kaeaepae and Olga Kambeitz and K-H. Kampert and Peter Kasper and Igor I Katkov and Bal{\'a}zs K{\'e}gl and Bianca Keilhauer and Azadeh Keivani and John Lawrence Kelley and Ernesto Kemp and Roger M. Kieckhafer and H. Klages and M. Kleifges and Jonny Kleinfeller and Johannes Knapp and Andreas Kopmann and Raphael Krause and Nicole Krohm and Olaf Kroemer and Daniel Kuempel and Norbert Kunka and Danielle LaHurd and Luca Latronico and Robert J. Lauer and Markus Lauscher and P. Lautridou and Sandra Le Coz and M.S.A.B. Leao and Denis Lebrun and Paul L. G. Lebrun and M. Oliveira and Antoine Letessier-Selvon and Isabelle Lhenry-Yvon and Katrin Link and R. Rebolo Lopez and A. L{\'o}pez Casado and Karim Louedec and Julio Lozano Bahilo and L. Lu and Agustin Lucero and Marianne Ludwig and Max Malacari and Simone Maldera and M. Mallamaci and Jennifer Maller and Du{\vs}an Mand{\'a}t and Mantsch Pm and Analisa G. Mariazzi and Vincent Marin and Ioana Codrina Mariş and Giovanni Marsella and Daniele Martello and Laurenza Martina and H. Martinez and N. Mart{\'i}nez and Oscar Mart'inez Bravo and Diane Martraire and Jimmy Mas'ias Meza and H. J. Mathes and Sebastian Mathys and J. N. Matthews and J. A. Matthews and Giorgio Matthiae and D L Maurel and Daniela Maurizio and Eric Mayotte and Peter Mazur and Carlos Medina and Gustavo A. Medina-Tanco and Rebecca Mei{\ss}ner and Maximilien Melissas and V. B. B. Mello and Diego G. Melo and Ezio A. Menichetti and Alexander Menshikov and Stefano Messina and Rishi Meyhandan and S. Mi{\'c}anovi{\'c} and Mar{\'i}a Isabel Micheletti and Lukas Middendorf and Ignacio A. Minaya and Lino Miramonti and Bogdan Mitrica and Laura Molina-Bueno and Silvia Mollerach and Maria Monasor and François Montanet and Carlo Morello and M. Mostaf{\'a} and C. A. Moura and Marcio Aparecido Muller and Gero Mueller and Scott N. Mueller and M. Muenchmeyer and Roberto Mussa and Gianni Navarra and Sergio S{\'a}nchez Navas and Petr Ne{\vc}esal and Lukas Nellen and Anna Nelles and Jens Neuser and Phong Hoai Nguyen and Davide Nicotra and Marcus Niechciol and Lukas Niemietz and Tim Niggemann and Dave F. Nitz and Dalibor Nosek and Vladimir Novotny and Libor No{\vz}ka and Livingstone Ochilo and Tohru Ohnuki and Foteini Oikonomou and Angela V. Olinto and M. Oliveira and V. M. Olmos-Gilbaja and Noelia Pacheco and D. PakkSelmi-Dei and Miroslav Palatka and Juan Pallotta and N. Palmieri and Philipp Papenbreer and Gonzalo Parente and Alejandra Parra and M. Patel and Thomas Cantzon Paul and Miroslav Pech and Jan Pekala and Rodrigo Pelayo and I. Pepe and Lorenzo M Perrone and Emily Petermann and Christine Peters and Sergio Petrera and Paolo Petrinca and Yevgeniy Petrov and Jamyang Phuntsok and Ricardo Piegaia and Tanguy Pierog and Pablo Pieroni and M{\'a}rio Pimenta and Valerio Pirronello and Manuel Platino and M. Plum and Alessio Porcelli and Czesław Porowski and Troy A. Porter and J. Pouryamout and J. Pouthas and Raul Ribeiro Prado and Paolo Privitera and Michael Prouza and Clement L Pryke and Victor Purrello and E. Quel and Sven Querchfeld and Sean Quinn and Richard Randriatoamanana and Julian Rautenberg and Olivier Ravel and Diego Ravignani and B. Revenua and Jan Ř{\'i}dk{\'y} and Markus Risse and Pablo Ristori and Vincenzo Rizi and Steven Robbins and Michael D. Roberts and Washington Rodrigues de Carvalho and Gonzalo Rodriguez Fernandez and Jorge Rub'en Rodriguez Rojo and Mar{\'i}a Dolores Rodr{\'i}guez-Fr{\'i}as and Dmytro Rogozin and G. Ros and Jaime Rosado and Tomas Rossler and Markus Roth and Esteban Roulet and A. Clay R.W. Rovero and Steven J. Saffi and A. Saftoiu and Francesco Salamida and Humberto Ibarguen Salazar and Ahmed Saleh and Francisco Salesa Greus and Gaetano Salina and Federico Andr{\'e}s S{\'a}nchez and Patricia Sanchez-Lucas and Catarina Espirito Santo and Edivaldo Moura Santos and F. Sarazin and Biswaijt Sarkar and Ra{\'u}l Sarmento and Ricardo Sato and N. Scharf and Viviana Scherini and Harald Schieler and Peter Schiffer and A. Schmidt and Daniel F. Schmidt and Olaf Scholten and H. Schoorlemmer and Petr Schov{\'a}nek and Frans Schreuder and Frank G. Schroeder and Alexander Schulz and Johannes Schulz and F. Schuessler and Johannes Schumacher and Sergio J. Sciutto and A. Segreto and G. Sequeiros and Mariangela Settimo and Amir Hosein Shadkam and Ronald Cintra Shellard and Iv{\'a}n Sidelnik and Guenter Sigl and Octavian Sima and Andrzej Śmiałkowski and Radom{\'i}r {\vS}m{\'i}da and A. G. K. Smith and Gregory R. Snow and Paul Sommers and J. Sorokin and Ralph J. Speelman and Harold M Spinka and Ruben Squartini and Yogendra Srivastava and Samo Stani{\vc} and James Stapleton and Jaroslaw Stasielak and Maurice Stephan and A. Stutz and Federico Suarez and T. Suomijaervi and Alberto Daniel Supanitsky and Michael S. Sutherland and Michael Sutter and John Swain and Zbigniew Szadkowski and Marek Szuba and Oscar Alejandro Taborda and Alex Tapia and Denis Tcherniakhovski and Andreas Tepe and Vanessa Menezes Theodoro and C. Timmermans and Wieslaw Tkaczyk and Carlos Jos{\'e} Todero Peixoto and G. Toma and L. Tomankova and Bernardo Tom{\'e} and Aurelio S. Tonachini and Guillermo Torralba Elipe and Diego Torres Machado and Pavel M. Tr{\'a}vn{\'i}cek and E. Trovato and Thi Nguyen Trung and V. Tunnicliffe and E. Tusi and Ralf Ulrich and Michael Unger and Martin Urban and Jose F. Vald{\'e}s Galicia and In{\'e}s Vali{\~n}o and Laura Valore and Guus van Aar and Patrick van Bodegom and van den Ad M Berg and Sjoert van Velzen and Arjen van Vliet and Enrique Varela and Bernardo Vargas C{\'a}rdenas and Dragos Varnav and G. S. Varner and Rafael Vasquez and J. J. Rodr{\'i}guez V{\'a}zquez and Ricardo A. Vazquez and Darko Veberi{\vc} and H. Verkooijen and Valerio Verzi and Jakub Vicha and Mariela Videla and L. Villase{\~n}or and Giacomo Vitali and Brian J. Vlcek and H. Vorenholt and Serguei Vorobiov and Lou Voyvodic and Hernan Wahlberg and Oscar Wainberg and Pablo Walker and D. Walz and Alan Andrew Watson and Marc Weber and Klaus Weidenhaupt and Andreas Weindl and F. Werner and Stefan Westerhoff and Allan Widom and Christopher Wiebusch and Lawrence Richard Wiencke and Th.A.M. Wijnen and Barbara Wilczynska and Henryk Wilczynski and Neville Wild and Tobias Winchen and David Wittkowski and Gottlob Woerner and Brian Wundheiler and Sarka Wykes and T. Yamamoto and T. Yapici and G. Yuan and A. Yushkov and B. Zamorano and Enrique Zas and Danilo Zavrtanik and Marko Zavrtanik and A. Zepeda and J. Zhou and Y. Zhu and M. Zimbres Silva and Benedikt Zimmermann and Michael S. Ziolkowski and Francesca Zuccarello},
  journal={Nuclear Instruments \& Methods in Physics Research Section A-accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment},
  • A. Aab, P. Abreu, F. Zuccarello
  • Published 1 June 1998
  • Physics
  • Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section A-accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment
The Pierre Auger Observatory and its Upgrade
The Pierre Auger Observatory was built to study cosmic rays of the highest energies. It is installed in the Departments of Malargüe and San Rafael in the Province of Mendoza, Argentina. The
The Pierre Auger Observatory status and latest results
The Pierre Auger Observatory, in Argentina, is the present flagship experiment studying ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays (UHECRs). Facing the challenge due to low cosmic-ray flux at the highest energies,
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  • Physics
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  • 2019
The existence of a cosmic ray flux of a still unknown origin with particles reaching energies millions of times higher than those attained at the LHC continues to intrigue the scientific community.
The Pierre Auger Observatory: Review of Latest Results and Perspectives
The Pierre Auger Observatory is the world’s largest operating detection system for the observation of ultra high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs), with energies above 10 17 eV. The detector allows
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The Pierre Auger Observatory is the largest ultrahigh-energy cosmic ray observatory in the world. The huge amount of high quality data collected since 2004 up to now led to great improvements in our
The Radio detection of inclined showers at the PierreAuger Observatory
  • S. D. Jong
  • Physics
    Proceedings of 40th International Conference on High Energy physics — PoS(ICHEP2020)
  • 2021
Ultra-high-energy cosmic rays (UHECR), of energy >10 EeV, arrive at the Earth regularly, but their sources, acceleration mechanisms, details of propagation through the universe, and particle
Latest results and future prospects of the pierre auger observatory
The Pierre Auger Observatory is the largest observatory for the detection of ultra high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs). It allows a detailed measurement of the energy spectrum, the mass composition and
Energy estimation of cosmic rays with the Engineering Radio Array of the Pierre Auger Observatory
The Auger Engineering Radio Array (AERA) is part of the Pierre Auger Observatory and is used to detect the radio emission of cosmic-ray air showers. These observations are compared to the data of the
Atmospheric Electricity Studies at the Pierre Auger Observatory: Signal Comparisons between Lightning and Cosmic Ray Events
  • K. Merenda
  • Physics, Environmental Science
    EPJ Web of Conferences
  • 2019
The research horizons of the Pierre Auger Cosmic-Ray Observatory widened when the collaboration found exotic (atmospheric) phenomena in both its Fluorescence Detector (FD) and Surface Detector (SD).


Detection of a Cosmic Ray with Measured Energy Well beyond the Expected Spectral Cutoff due to Cosmic Microwave Radiation
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Coronal gamma-ray bursts as the sources of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays?
I consider the possibility that Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays are accelerated in Gamma Ray Bursts located in the Galactic corona, thus circumventing the problem raised by Greisen--Zatsepin--Kuz'min
Extensive Cosmic-Ray Showers
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Radiation from cosmic ray air showers
  • F. Kahn, I. Lerche
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1966
Cosmic ray showers passing through the atmosphere produce electromagnetic disturbances. It has been suggested that these can be detected by means of a radio telescope. We set up a simple model for a
Elves : Lightning-induced transient luminous events in the lower ionosphere
Observations of optical phenomena at. high alti- tude a, bove thunderstorms using a multichannel high-speed photometer and image intensified CCD cameras were carried out at Yucca Ridge Field Station
Excess negative charge of an electron-photon shower and its coherent radio emission
We investigate the excess of electrons in an electron-photon shower. This excess is caused by annihilation of the positrons in flight and by the Compton and $\delta$-electrons in the cascade. It is
Energy Spectrum of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays with Extra-Galactic Origin
We carried out a numerical calculation for the propagation of ultra·high energy cosmic ray nucleons in the intergalactic space by a Monte·Carlo method. The resulting energy spectrum above 10'8 eV is
Capabilities of a giant hybrid air shower detector
Cosmological gamma-ray bursts and the highest energy cosmic rays.
  • Waxman
  • Physics
    Physical review letters
  • 1995
A scenario in which the highest energy cosmic rays (CR's) and cosmological-ray bursts (GRB's) have a common origin is discussed, consistent with the observed CR flux above 1${0}^{20}$ eV.