The Physiological Correlates of Kundalini Yoga Meditation: A Study of a Yoga Master

@article{Arambula2001ThePC,
  title={The Physiological Correlates of Kundalini Yoga Meditation: A Study of a Yoga Master},
  author={Pete Arambula and Erik Peper and Mitsumasa Kawakami and Katherine H. Gibney},
  journal={Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback},
  year={2001},
  volume={26},
  pages={147-153}
}
This study explores the physiological correlates of a highly practiced Kundalini Yoga meditator. Thoracic and abdominal breathing patterns, heart rate (HR), occipital parietal electroencephalograph (EEG), skin conductance level (SCL), and blood volume pulse (BVP) were monitored during prebaseline, meditation, and postbaseline periods. Visual analyses of the data showed a decrease in respiration rate during the meditation from a mean of 11 breaths/min for the pre- and 13 breaths/min for the… Expand
Cardiorespiratory and Metabolic Changes during Yoga Sessions: The Effects of Respiratory Exercises and Meditation Practices
TLDR
The results suggest that the meditation used inThis study reduces the metabolic rate whereas the specific pranayama technique in this study increases it when compared with the rest state. Expand
The Physiological Correlates of Body Piercing by a Yoga Master: Control of Pain and Bleeding
TLDR
A Yogi master was psychophysiologically monitored while he pierced his neck and tongue with skewers to demonstrate control of pain and bleeding, suggesting a finding of conscious self-regulation, as opposed to disassociation, for controlling attention and responsiveness to painful stimuli. Expand
Fifteen Minutes of Chair-Based Yoga Postures or Guided Meditation Performed in the Office Can Elicit a Relaxation Response
TLDR
Yoga postures or meditation performed in the office can acutely improve several physiological and psychological markers of stress, and these effects may be at least partially mediated by reduced respiration rate. Expand
Intracerebral pain processing in a Yoga Master who claims not to feel pain during meditation
TLDR
There were remarkable changes in levels of activity in the thalamus, SII‐insula and cingulate cortex between meditation and non‐meditation, and a change of multiple regions relating to pain perception could be responsible. Expand
Theta activity and meditative states: spectral changes during concentrative meditation
TLDR
The emergence of the slow frequency waves in the attention-related frontal regions provides strong support to the existing claims of frontal theta in producing meditative states along with trait effects in attentional processing. Expand
Physiological Investigation on EEG Coherency during Yoga Meditation and Qigong Exercise
Inner-brain functional synchronicity was investigated during TM (yoga meditation) and Qigong exercise, along with a control group that listened to a piece of relaxing music. Group 1 consisted of TMExpand
Investigation of meditation scenario by quantifying the complexity index of EEG
Abstract A practitioner in true meditation should already transcend the physiological, mental, subconscious, and Alaya state, and eventually attain the spiritual realm. The scientific approach to theExpand
Short-term autonomic and cardiovascular effects of mindfulness body scan meditation
TLDR
Both similarities and differences in the physiological responses to body scan meditation and other relaxing activities are indicated, suggesting that simultaneous increases in cardiac parasympathetic and sympathetic activity may explain the lack of an effect on heart rate. Expand
The practice of meditation is not associated with improved interoceptive awareness of the heartbeat.
TLDR
It is concluded that the practice of meditation is not associated with improved cardiac interoceptive awareness, and meditators exhibited prominent geographical differences in heartbeat localization, disproportionally reporting sensations throughout central regions of the chest, abdomen, neck, back, and head. Expand
EEG Brain Activity in Dynamic Health Qigong Training: Same Effects for Mental Practice and Physical Training?
TLDR
Mental, as well as physical Qigong training, increases alpha activity and therefore induces a relaxed state of mind, and the observed differences in theta activity indicate different attentional processes in physical and mental Qig Gong training. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 28 REFERENCES
Psychophysiological correlates of the practice of Tantric Yoga meditation.
TLDR
An episode of sudden autonomic activation was observed that was characterized by the meditator as an approach to the Yogic ecstatic state of intense concentration, challenging the current "relaxation" model of meditative states. Expand
The physiology of meditation: A review. A wakeful hypometabolic integrated response
TLDR
It is hypothesize that meditation is an integrated response with peripheral circulatory and metabolic changes subserving increased central nervous activity, consistent with the subjective description of meditation as a very relaxed but, at the same time, a very alert state. Expand
Evaluation of Meditation and Relaxation on Physiological Response during the Performance of Fine Motor and Gross Motor Tasks
  • C. J. Wood
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Perceptual and motor skills
  • 1986
TLDR
No significant difference in the performance of either the fine motor or the gross motor task was noted for persons practicing meditation and persons who were nonmeditators but were given the opportunity to relax prior to a motor task. Expand
The effects of brief meditation training on cardiovascular stress responses
TLDR
Meditation was associated with reduced distress but not arousal during training, however, blood pressure reactions to the cold pressor and mental arithmetic tasks were greater in the meditation than control-relaxation group. Expand
Electrocortical activity and related phenomena associated with meditation practice: a literature review.
  • M. Delmonte
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The International journal of neuroscience
  • 1984
TLDR
The evidence to date does not support the notion of unique state effects associated with the practice of meditation, but certain individuals, namely the psychologically "healthy" and those with a capacity for relaxed absorbed attention, appear to be more favourably disposed to meditation. Expand
Theta bursts: an EEG pattern in normal subjects practising the transcendental meditation technique.
  • R. Hebert, D. Lehmann
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Electroencephalography and clinical neurophysiology
  • 1977
TLDR
It is hypothesized that theta burst may be the manifestation of a state adjustment mechanism which comes into play during prolonged low-arousal states, and which may be related to EEG patterns of relaxation in certain behavioural conditions. Expand
Physiological responses to clicks during Zen, Yoga, and TM meditation.
Two studies have been widely quoted as indicating the differing states of consciousness in Zen vs Yoga meditation. A replication and extension were attempted. Very experienced Zen, Yoga, and TMExpand
Comparison of Changes in Autonomic and Respiratory Parameters of Girls after Yoga and Games at a Community Home
TLDR
It is suggested that a yoga program which includes relaxation, awareness, and graded physical activity is a useful addition to the routine of community home children. Expand
Studies of autonomic functions in practitioners of Yoga in India.
TLDR
Testing various claims of voluntary control of autonomic functions and recording physiological changes during Yogic meditation were the major purposes in going to India. Expand
Psychophysiological correlates of meditation.
  • R. Woolfolk
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1975
The scientific research that has investigated the physiological changes associated with meditation as it is practiced by adherents of Indian Yoga, Transcendental Meditation, and Zen Buddhism has notExpand
...
1
2
3
...