The Phylogeny of the Agaonidae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea)

  title={The Phylogeny of the Agaonidae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea)},
  author={J. T. Wiebes},
  journal={Netherlands Journal of Zoology},
  • J. Wiebes
  • Published 1981
  • Biology
  • Netherlands Journal of Zoology
This is an interim report on the analysis of the relationships within the Agaonidae (fig wasps). The family is subdivided into the two subfamilies Agaoninae and Blastophaginae. In the Agaoninae, three groups are recognized, according to their geographical distribution (i.e., Africa, Australia c.a., South America). In the Blastophaginae, one complex is formed by some species hitherto classified with Blastophaga ("C" and "D"), Ceratosolen and Kradibia; Liporrhopalum appears related. A fit with… 
Ficus (Moraceae) and Hymenoptera (Chalcidoidea): Figs and their pollinators
It seems from the botanical side that the evolution of Ficus into subgenera and sections preceded that of its insects into genera, and there are no grounds for reclassification of Ficua, but leaf structure indicates that some rearrangement of the species of subgen.
Chromosome numbers are not fixed in Agaonidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea)
The variation in chromosome numbers that the analysis of three Ceratosolen species suggests that karyology can usefully complement molecular-based studies of the phylogeny of fig wasps.
Molecular phylogeny of fig wasps Agaonidae are not monophyletic.
Laying the foundations for a new classification of Agaonidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), a multilocus phylogenetic approach
A phylogeny of the Agaonidae, pollinators of Ficus species (Moraceae), is estimated using 4182 nucleotides from six genes, obtained from 101 species representing 19 of the 20 recognized genera, and four outgroups and a new classification is proposed.
Phylogenetics and classification of Chalcidoidea and Mymarommatoidea — a review of current concepts (Hymenoptera, Apocrita)
Mymaridae are indicated as the likely sister group of all other Chalcidoidea by: two features of the ovipositor, the unique structure of a muscle between the mesofurca and axillary lever, and sequence data from the 28s rDNA gene.
Biosystematics of fig wasps (Chalcidoidea: Hymenoptera)
The modern systematics of the fig wasps is based on the above aspects of their functional morphology, biology, convergent evolution, sex-limited variations,sex-limited dimorphism, host specificity, behavioural attributes, etc.
Classification and distribution ofFicus
The main subdivisions in the most recent classification by Corner12 are presented together with the genera of pollinating fig wasps (Agaonidae) associated with them and are discussed and grouped according to morphological and functional traits, in particular in connection with the unique pollination system.
A living fossil Tetrapus fig wasp (Hymenoptera: Agaoninae) developing in extant Neotropical fig species (Moraceae: Ficus, section Pharmacosycea).
This work reports a group of New World extant Tetrapus morphotypes, whose females have two mandibular appendages and the males are hexapodous, their fig host association and phylogenetic position to the family Agaonidae, and suggests that Hexapus stands up as a living fossil and the sister clade of Tetrapu s.s.
Taxonomic comments on the genus Grandiella Lombardini, 1939 (Acari: Canestriniidae)
Abstract The genus name Grandiella Lombardini, 1939, is restored, and the replacement name Grandiellina Fain, 1989, is placed as a junior objective synonym because the supposed senior homonym,
The genera of chalcidoid wasps from Ficus fruit in the New World
A key illustrated with 70 line drawings has been prepared for the genera of chalcidoid wasps associated with fruit of Ficus species of the Americas, including those introduced as ornamental trees