The Phylogeny of Living and Extinct Pangolins (Mammalia, Pholidota) and Associated Taxa: A Morphology Based Analysis

  title={The Phylogeny of Living and Extinct Pangolins (Mammalia, Pholidota) and Associated Taxa: A Morphology Based Analysis},
  author={Timothy J. Gaudin and Robert J. Emry and John R. Wible},
  journal={Journal of Mammalian Evolution},
The present study was undertaken in order to effect a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of the order Pholidota, examining seven of the eight currently recognized extant species (absent is Manis culionensis, formerly recognized as a subspecies of Manis javanica) and nearly all the well-known fossil taxa, and employing a wide range of osteological characters from the entire skeleton. In addition, the relationship of pangolins to several putative early Tertiary relatives, including palaeanodonts… 

Phylogeny of the Carnivoramorpha: The impact of postcranial characters

A substantial suite of postcranial characters is added to an existing dataset dominated by cranio-dental characters, expanding the ability to assess the relationships of basal carnivoramorphan taxa, and permits the inclusion of many taxa represented only by incomplete material.

A Nearly Complete Skeleton of Ernanodon (Mammalia, Palaeanodonta) from Mongolia: Morphofunctional Analysis

Functional analysis indicates that Ernanodon had very strong forelimbs with large claws and used itsForelimbs for scratch-digging and character analysis reveals numerous similarities in postcranial anatomy betweenErnanodon and Palaeanodonta.

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The phylogenetic, taxonomic status and molecular dating of Indian pangolin with other six out of eight extant pangolins are studied based on complete coding region of mitochondrial cytochrome b gene.

The Complete Phylogeny of Pangolins: Scaling Up Resources for the Molecular Tracing of the Most Trafficked Mammals on Earth

The authors' results establish that the thick-tailed pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) is sister-species of the Sunda and Palawan pangolins, and propose the subfamily Phatagininae subfam.

New Early Diverging Cingulate (Xenarthra: Peltephilidae) from the Late Oligocene of Bolivia and Considerations Regarding the Origin of Crown Xenarthra

Turtles of the clade Pan-Testudinoidea have a rich fossil record in North America, including the Caribbean, ranging from the late Paleocene to the Holocene, and an updated global phylogeny allows attribution of fossils to these lineages with confidence that allows the discernment of new diversity trends and biogeographic patterns.

Origin and evolution of the Pseudorhyncocyonidae, a European Paleogene family of insectivorous placental mammals

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Ancistronychus paradoxus is described from the Chinle Formation in Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona based on the ungual phalanx of the second digit of the manus and suggests that different drepanosauromorphs used their enlarged second manual unGuals for distinct functions enabling them to fill different ecological niches.

Skeletal Anatomy of the North American Pangolin Patriomanis americana (Mammalia, Pholidota) from the Latest Eocene of Wyoming (USA)

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The importance of Messel for interpreting Eocene Holarctic mammalian faunas

  • K. Rose
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments
  • 2012
The middle Eocene Messel fauna includes 34 genera and 46 species of mammals, most of which have close relatives or analogues in other Eocene faunas, and provides a wealth of anatomical and ecomorphological data that inform the understanding of the functional anatomy, behaviour and phylogenetic relationships of these animals and of related Eocene mammals from other fauna.



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A cladistic investigation of the phylogenetic relationships among the three extant anteater genera and the three undoubted extinct myrmecophagid genera is performed based upon osteological characteristics of the skull and postcranial skeleton, leaving open the biogeographic question of how a xenarthran reached Western Europe during the Eocene.

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The results imply that the split between the two extant sloth genera is ancient, dating back perhaps as much as 40 Myr, and that the similarities between these two taxa present one of the most dramatic examples of convergent evolution known among mammals.


Abstract We describe a skeleton from the late early Paleocene (Torrejonian) of the San Juan Basin, New Mexico, which represents the oldest and most primitive known member of the Palaeanodonta. It is


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The Entotympanic of Pangolins and the Phylogeny of the Pholidota (Mammalia)

The morphology and distribution of the entotympanic among living and extinct pholidotans is addressed and a phylogenetic analysis of extant pangolins plus Patriomanis based on 67 cranial characters was performed.


Comparison morphology and paleontology offer some compelling hypotheses that comprise a framework for studies of macromolecular traits that support groupings of the Recent orders of eutherian mammals.

Ankle structure in Eocene pholidotan mammal Eomanis krebsi and its taxonomic implications

The Middle Eocene pholidotan Eomanis and the putative xenarthran Eurotamandua from Grube Messel near Darm− stadt (Germany) play an important role in this discussion, and several differences in morphology between Eo.

Mammalogy: Adaptation, Diversity, and Ecology

Thoroughly revised and updated, this edition includes treatments of the most recent significant findings in ordinal-level mammalian phylogeny and taxonomy; special topics such as parasites and diseases, conservation, and domesticated mammals; interrelationships between mammalian structure and function; and the latest molecular techniques used to study mammals.

The rise of placental mammals : origins and relationships of the Major Extant Clades

Focusing on anatomical evidence, the contributors present an unbiased scientific account of the initial radiation and ordinal relationships of placental mammals, representing both the consensus and significant minority viewpoints.