The Philadelphia Plan: A Study in the Dynamics of Executive Power

  title={The Philadelphia Plan: A Study in the Dynamics of Executive Power},
  author={Robert P. Schuwerk},
  journal={University of Chicago Law Review},
In 1941, President Roosevelt issued the first in a series of executive orders designed to help combat employment discrimination by government contractors. These orders were the only fair employment initiatives taken by the federal government until Congress enacted the comprehensive Civil Rights Act of 1964,1 Titles V12 and VI 3 of which imposed special fair employment obligations on both contractors with the federal government and contractors working on federally assisted projects. Subsequent… 
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