The Phenotypes of Fluctuating Flow: Development of Distribution Networks in Biology and the Trade-off between Efficiency, Cost, and Resilience


Complex distribution networks are pervasive in biology. Examples include nutrient transport in the slime mold Physarum polycephalum as well as mammalian and plant venation. Adaptive rules are believed to guide development of these networks and lead to a reticulate, hierarchically nested topology that is both efficient and resilient against perturbations… (More)


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