The Phenomenon of “Hearing Voices”: Not Just Psychotic Hallucinations—A Psychological Literature Review and a Reflection on Clinical and Social Health

  title={The Phenomenon of “Hearing Voices”: Not Just Psychotic Hallucinations—A Psychological Literature Review and a Reflection on Clinical and Social Health},
  author={Antonio Iudici and Maria Quarato and Jessica Neri},
  journal={Community Mental Health Journal},
The phenomenon of hearing voices is currently a much-discussed topic, both in the field of research and in the field of care services. The majority of people who report “hearing voices” do not subsequently receive services or receive a diagnosis of psychopathology. This topic raises questions for professionals in the health field about the lack of tools that can help illuminate the phenomenon. The purposes of this work are (a) to highlight the psychological studies that approach the phenomenon… 
5 Citations
Non-Ordinary Mental Expressions (NOMEs): clues on the nature of the human mind
The aim of this paper is to describe some ostensibly odd, Non-Ordinary-Mental Expressions (NOMEs), that have been considered implausible, illusory or hallucinatory phenomena, possible symptoms of
Young People's Narratives of Hearing Voices: Systemic Influences and Conceptual Challenges.
A continuum of multisensory features of voice content, nature and relational significance is tentatively proposed to capture the breadth and depth of voice hearing for adolescents to offer a possible framework for future study and intervention design.
Whispers, echoes, friends and fears: forms and functions of voice-hearing in adolescence.
Voice-he hearing is a heterogeneous and often complex relational experience for young people, with structural inequalities, relational traumas and social isolation attributed causes of voice-hearing.
The Role of Religion and Spirituality in Mental Health


Auditory hallucinations as a personal experience: analysis of non-psychiatric voice hearers' narrations.
The results indicate that voices cannot be considered merely as symptoms, but may be seen also as adaptation systems and that voice hearers should be allowed to preserve them.
Hallucinatory Experiences in Non-clinical Populations
It is now widely recognised that some people hear voices in the absence of distress or a need for psychiatric care. Although there have been reports of such individuals throughout history, until
A new phenomenological survey of auditory hallucinations: evidence for subtypes and implications for theory and practice.
It is proposed that there are likely to be different neurocognitive processes underpinning these experiences, necessitating revised AH models, and the existence of 4 AH subtypes is suggested.
Hearing Voices in a Non-Psychiatric Population
It lends support to the idea that voice hearing occurs on a continuum, with evidence that many people hear voices in the general population and are not distressed by the experience.
The illusion of reality: a review and integration of psychological research on hallucinations.
  • R. Bentall
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1990
The available evidence suggests that hallucinations result from a failure of the metacognitive skills involved in discriminating between self-generated and external sources of information, and that different aspects of these skills are implicated in different types of hallucinations.
Culture and Hallucinations: Overview and Future Directions
It is argued that the extant body of work suggests that culture does indeed have a significant impact on the experience, understanding, and labeling of hallucinations and that there may be important theoretical and clinical consequences of that observation.
Getting Better Acquainted with Auditory Voice Hallucinations (AVHs): A Need for Clinical and Social Change
The phenomenon of hearing voices (AVHs) is very much a subject of current scientific interest, both clinically1 and socially. For a long time, auditory hallucinations—perceiving sounds without
Auditory hallucinations: a comparison between patients and nonpatients.
The form and the content of chronic auditory hallucinations were compared in three cohorts, namely patients with schizophrenia, patients with a dissociative disorder, and nonpatient voice-hearers to present evidence that the form of the hallucinations experienced by both patient and non patient groups is similar, irrespective of diagnosis.