The Persistence of Skin Color Discrimination for Immigrants

  title={The Persistence of Skin Color Discrimination for Immigrants},
  author={Joni Hersch},
  journal={Labor: Public Policy \& Regulation eJournal},
  • J. Hersch
  • Published 20 October 2010
  • Economics
  • Labor: Public Policy & Regulation eJournal
Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, discrimination in employment on the basis of color is prohibited, and color is a protected basis independent from race. Using data from the spouses of the main respondents to the New Immigrant Survey 2003, this paper shows that immigrants with the lightest skin color earn on average 16 percent to 23 percent more than comparable immigrants with the darkest skin color. These estimates control for years of legal permanent residence in the U.S… 

Characteristics of Color Discrimination Charges Filed with the EEOC

Using detailed employment discrimination charge data from the EEOC, this chapter provides unique information on the number of charges of color discrimination, the bases of the charges, the characteristics of individuals filing charges, and characteristics of the workplace.

Does Skin Tone Matter? Immigrant Mobility in the U.S. Labor Market

Data from the New Immigrant Survey (NIS) 2003 is analyzed to examine how skin tone is associated with occupational achievement at three time points: the last job held abroad, the first job held in the United States, and the current job.

Skin-tone discrimination by Whites and Africans is associated with the acculturation of African immigrants in Norway

Investigation of the relationship between both types of discrimination, acculturation and psychological well-being in African first- and second-generation immigrants living in Norway found that skin-tone discrimination by Whites and Africans with life satisfaction was mediated by a lower host and heritage culture orientation respectively.

The Relationship Between Skin Tone and School Suspension for African Americans

This study contributes to the research literature on colorism–discrimination based on skin tone—by examining whether skin darkness affects the likelihood that African Americans will experience school

Skin Tone and Self-Employment: is there an Intra-Group Variation among Blacks?

The purpose of this paper is to formally evaluate whether odds of entry into self-employment decrease as skin tone darkens for Blacks in the United States. Extending past work on inter-group

Colorism and educational outcomes of Asian Americans: evidence from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health

Using a nationally representative longitudinal data set, the current study examines the link between colorism and educational attainment of Asian American young adults. Three levels of educational

Looking through the Shades

The purpose of this study is to determine whether a labor market penalty exists for members of immigrant groups as a result of being phenotypically different from white Americans. Specifically, the

Diversity within Discrimination: Does Victim Nativity and Discriminator Race Matter for the Mental Health of Blacks?

The current study focuses on the variations in mental health effects due to the race of discriminators and the heterogeneity of the Black racial group. Using NSAL data, this study seeks to determine

The Impact of Acculturation and Racialization on Self-Rated Health Status Among U.S. Latinos

It is found that acculturation remains an important determinant of Latino health; however, this varies based on whether the sample is restricted to immigrants or includes all Latino adults and on the measures of accULTuration employed.



Skin Color, Immigrant Wages, and Discrimination

The analysis finds that the labor market penalty to darker skin color cannot be attributed to differences in productivity and is evidence of labor market discrimination that arises within the U.S. labor market.

Shades of Brown: The Law of Skin Color

Because antidiscrimination efforts have focused primarily on race, courts have largely ignored discrimination within racial classifications on the basis of skin color. In this Article, Professor

Skin Tone and Stratification in the Black Community

Data from the National Survey of Black Americans (NSBA)(1979-80) are used to examine the effects of skin-tone variations of blacks on educational attainment, occupation, and income, net of such

The Significance of Color Remains: A Study of Life Chances, Mate Selection, and Ethnic Consciousness Among Black Americans

Using data from the National Survey of Black Americans, a national probability sample of black adults interviewed in 1980 (N-2,107), wefind that blacks with lighter skin have higher socioeconomic

Annual Income, Hourly Wages, and Identity Among Mexican-Americans and Other Latinos

This article examines heterogeneity and income inequality among Hispanic Americans. Two processes that influence Hispanic heterogeneity include acculturation and labor market discrimination because

Racism in the 21st century : an empirical analysis of skin color

The Biology of Race and Today's Manifestations of Racism.- Demystifying Skin Color and "Race".- Manifestations of Racism in the 21st Century.- What Are the Costs of Racism?.- Skin Color Bias in the

The Significance of Color Declines: A Re-Analysis of Skin Tone Differentials in Post-Civil Rights America

Skin tone variation within the United States' black population has long been associated with intraracial stratification. Skin tone differentials in socioeconomic status reflect both the inherited

Skin color and the perception of attractiveness among African Americans: Does gender make a difference?

Using data from the National Survey of Black Americans (NSBA), this study develops and tests a theory of gendered colorism among African Americans. The NSBA was collected by black interviewers and

The Latin Americanization of Racial Stratification in the U.S.

Aside from what exists in the U.S. there is another layer of complexity in Latin American racial stratification systems. They include three racial strata, which are internally designated by “color.”

Shades of difference : why skin color matters

Part I The Significance of Skin Color: Transnational Divergences and Convergences 7 1 The Social Consequences of Skin Color in Brazil 9 Edward Telles 2 A Colorstruck World: Skin Tone, Achievement,