The Persians in the Roman Near East (602–630 AD)

  title={The Persians in the Roman Near East (602–630 AD)},
  author={C. Foss},
  journal={Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society},
  pages={149 - 170}
  • C. Foss
  • Published 2002
  • History
  • Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
Abstract When the decisive battle of the Yarmuk in 636 AD gave the Muslim Arabs control of Syria, they gained a land that had been Roman for 700 years. Yet in the memory of most of its inhabitants, their recent subjection to the Sassanian Persians would have been fresh and even dominant. The forces of Chosroes II, which had controlled Syria for a generation, had only been withdrawn in 630. Anyone who had reached adulthood by the time the Arabs arrived had already experienced the Persian… Expand


Archaeological Research at Hadir Qinnasrin
  • Archeologie islamique
  • 1998
See the important discussion of R. Schick, The Christian Communities of Plaestine from Byzantine to Islamic Rule. A Historical and Archaeological Study
  • 1995
Earlier excavators had attributed various destruction layers to Persian attack, but more recent excavation casts doubt on this notion: see K. Holum et al., King Herod's Dream
  • 1988
Appropriately, a seal of a commerciarius, datable to the 6/7th century, was excavated in the warehouses adjacent to the governor's palace at Caesarea: see J. Nesbitt
  • Caesarea Papers
  • 1986
The evidence is summarised and analysed most recently by Leslie MacCoull
  • Sassanians in Egypt". I am grateful to Prof. T. M. Hickey for these references. 99 Quoted by P. Fraser in Butler The Arab Conquest
  • 1986
Les grands domaines, la cité et l'état en Egypte byzantine
  • TrM
  • 1985
Magistor, Sohn des Kallinikos
  • Anagennesis
  • 1981
Some Seventh Century Sources on Caesarea
  • Israel Exploration Journal
  • 1978
III, no. 338. I follow here the interpretation of the editor, but note that MacCoull
  • 108Ä gyptische Urkunden aus den Staatlichen Museen Berlin, Koptische Urkunden
  • 1968
For the others, see Hahn, Moneta Imperii Byzantini 3 (Vienna, 1981), p. 113f. Most recently, L. Domaszewicz and Michael Bates
  • 1962