The Permanent Effects of Transportation Revolutions in Poor Countries: Evidence from Africa

@article{Jedwab2016ThePE,
  title={The Permanent Effects of Transportation Revolutions in Poor Countries: Evidence from Africa},
  author={R{\'e}mi Jedwab and Alexander Moradi},
  journal={Review of Economics and Statistics},
  year={2016},
  volume={98},
  pages={268-284}
}
Abstract We exploit the construction and eventual demise of the colonial railroads in Ghana, and most of the rest of Africa, to study the impact of transportation investments in poor countries. Using new data on railroads and cities spanning over one century, we find that railroads had large effects on the distribution of economic activity during the colonial period and these effects have persisted to date, although railroads collapsed and road networks expanded considerably after independence… 
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