The Path Forward for Biofuels and Biomaterials

  title={The Path Forward for Biofuels and Biomaterials},
  author={Arthur J. Ragauskas and Charlotte K. Williams and Brian H. Davison and George J. P. Britovsek and John W. G. Cairney and Charles A. Eckert and William J. Frederick and Jason P. Hallett and David J. Leak and Charles L. Liotta and Jonathan R. Mielenz and Richard James Murphy and Richard H. Templer and Timothy J. Tschaplinski},
  pages={484 - 489}
Biomass represents an abundant carbon-neutral renewable resource for the production of bioenergy and biomaterials, and its enhanced use would address several societal needs. Advances in genetics, biotechnology, process chemistry, and engineering are leading to a new manufacturing concept for converting renewable biomass to valuable fuels and products, generally referred to as the biorefinery. The integration of agroenergy crops and biorefinery manufacturing technologies offers the potential for… 

Genomics of cellulosic biofuels

  • E. Rubin
  • Engineering, Environmental Science
  • 2008
Genomic information gathered from across the biosphere, including potential energy crops and microorganisms able to break down biomass, will be vital for improving the prospects of significant cellulosic biofuel production.

Biorefineries- A Path to Sustainability?

The abundant residual lignocellulosic biomass will constitute an important feedstock for the future biorefineries so as to have a minimal impact on the food availability.

Transgenic plant factories for the production of biopolymers and platform chemicals

In the mid-to long-term, resource constraints will force society to cover a significant share of the future demand for fuels, materials and chemicals by renewable resources. This trend is already

Towards Sustainable Production of Biofuels from Microalgae

This paper aims to analyze and promote integration approaches for sustainable microalgal biofuel production to meet the energy and environmental needs of the society.

Synthetic Biology Guides Biofuel Production

Progress in synthetic biology has provided tools to guide the engineering of these processes through present and future challenges, thus removing the need for engine modification or infrastructure redesign.

Biorefineries to integrate fuel, energy and chemical production processes

This work aims at examining the possibilities related to the development of biorefineries, where biomass conversion processes to produce biofuels, electricity and biochemicals are integrated.

Harnessing energy from plant biomass.

Engineering Biocatalysts for Production of Commodity Chemicals

The critical factors that need to be considered in engineering such microbial biocatalysts for cost-effective fermentation of sugars are discussed with specific emphasis on commodity chemicals such as lactic acid, succinic acid and acetic acid.

Synthesis of biodegradable polymers from renewable resources

The vast majority of commodity materials are obtained from fossil fuels. However, many studies predict that all fossil resources will be depleted within a few centuries. Biomass represents an



Principles of biorefineries

  • B. KammM. Kamm
  • Medicine, Biology
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • 2003
The principal goal in the development of biorefineries is defined by the following: (biomass) feedstock-mix + process-mix → product-mix, particularly the combination between biotechnological and chemical conversion of substances will play an important role.

Biomass as Feedstock for A Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) are both strongly committed to expanding the role of biomass as an energy source. In particular, they support biomass

Unsaturated O- and N-heterocycles from carbohydrate feedstocks.

A broad structural variety of products emerges that have not only diverse chemical functionalities but also hydrophilic "residual sugar" portions that render them water-soluble and readily biodegradable.

Reactor Design Issues for Synthesis‐Gas Fermentations

This paper reviews recent progress in the development of synthesis‐gas fermentations, with emphasis on efforts to increase the efficiency of gas mass transfer.

Top Value Added Chemicals From Biomass. Volume 1 - Results of Screening for Potential Candidates From Sugars and Synthesis Gas

This report identifies twelve building block chemicals that can be produced from sugars via biological or chemical conversions. The twelve building blocks can be subsequently converted to a number of

Production of Liquid Alkanes by Aqueous-Phase Processing of Biomass-Derived Carbohydrates

Liquid alkanes with the number of carbon atoms ranging from C7 to C15 were selectively produced from biomass-derived carbohydrates by acid-catalyzed dehydration, which was followed by aldol