The Pastoral Neolithic of East Africa

  title={The Pastoral Neolithic of East Africa},
  author={John R. F. Bower},
  journal={Journal of World Prehistory},
  • J. Bower
  • Published 1 March 1991
  • History
  • Journal of World Prehistory
In East Africa, as in many other regions, the initial shift from hunting and gathering to food production was a secondary process involving the introduction of species domesticated elsewhere. Specifically, the East African Neolithic, or Pastoral Neolithic, centered on herding livestock, some of which may have been domesticated in the Sahara and all of which were almost certainly imported from areas to the north. The development of the Pastoral Neolithic was lengthy and complex, having begun… 

The east African Neolithic: An alternative view

The East African Neolithic has been attributed to the migration of food- producing populations from the Sudan and Ethiopia. The migrants are thought to have entered the region via northern Kenya.

Early Pastoralists in East Africa: Ecological and Social Dimensions

Abstract This article discusses the development of economies based on nonindigenous domestic cattle, sheep, goats, and donkeys in eastern Africa from the Lake Turkana basin south. It specifically


The Turkana Basin in Kenya has an extensive record of Holocene activities relating to mobility and economy of foraging and herding communities. Obsidian is only known from a few key localities in


  • D. Wright
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of Anthropological Research
  • 2011
Domesticated animals spread from their ancestral heartland in northern Africa and southwestern Asia into eastern and southern Africa after 4000 BP. Three theories account for the relatively slow

The introduction of pastoralism to southernmost Africa: thoughts on new contributions to an ongoing debate

One of the longest-standing debates in African archaeology concerns the introduction of herding to southern Africa and the resulting associated cultural changes. Two short books relating to the topic

Environmental change and political-economic upheaval in precolonial western Uganda

This paper reassesses available evidence for environmental and cultural changes in western Uganda since 1000 bc. The period of study includes the introduction of iron working in the region, as well

The last 200,000 years (or thereabouts) in Eastern Africa: Recent archaeological research

Research in Eastern Africa is hampered by a variety of logistical constraints common in underdeveloped and politically fragmented regions. The later Middle and early Upper Pleistocene are attracting



Origins of Specialized Pastoral Production in East Africa

The results of recent archeological research in the Loita-Mara area of Kenya offer new information on the timing and process of the development of pastoralism in East Africa. They suggest that a

A New Framework for the Study of Early Pastoral Communities in East Africa

This review provides a new interpretative framework for the ‘Neolithic’ in East Africa. A seriation of pottery assemblages is used to delineate several archaeological traditions, the implications of

The Prehistory of East Africa

PREHISTORIC cultures in East Africa are dated mainly by typological, faunal, and climatic correlations with other areas, chiefly Europe. This relative dating is precarious and unsatisfactory. Very

The Predynastic of Egypt

The Predynastic of Egypt, spanning an interval from ca. 4000 to 3050 B.C., was an eventful period. After the inception of food production in the Nile Valley at least a millennium before, it was the

From stone to metal: New perspectives on the later prehistory of West Africa

Earlier views saw West Africa as culturally stagnant through much of the Holocene until stimulus or intervention from north of the Sahara transformed Iron Age societies. Evidence accumulating over

Cattle domestication in North Africa

Further information on the Holocene prehistory of the Eastern Sahara, originally described by Wrendorf and Schild (1980) and Wendorf et al. (1980), has appeared in a recent publication by the

The Aquatic Civilization of Middle Africa

  • J. Sutton
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1974
Between the ninth and third millennia B.C. wetter conditions prevailed over most of Africa. Lakes and rivers were fuller and some of the internal basins were temporarily linked, especially in the

The identification of pastoral peoples in the archaeological record: An example from East Africa

Abstract Previous research in eastern Africa has identified ‘pastoral’ groups in the prehistoric record. The definition ‘pastoral’ has been based on faunal remains. Evidence is presented to show that

Advent and Course of Pastoralism in the Kalahari

It has long been thought that farming and herding were comparatively recent introductions into the Kalahari and that it has been a preserve of foraging "Bushmen" for thousands of years, but fully developed pastoralism and metallurgy are now shown to have been established in the region from A.D. 500.

Hunters in Transition: Mesolithic Societies of Temperate Eurasia and their Transition to Farming

Hunters in Transition analyses one of the crucial events in human cultural evolution: the emergence of post-glacial hunter-gatherer communities and the development of farming. Traditionally, the