The Passage of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act: Why Did the President Sign the Bill?

  title={The Passage of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act: Why Did the President Sign the Bill?},
  author={Kumiko Koyama},
  journal={Journal of Policy History},
  pages={163 - 186}
  • K. Koyama
  • Published 1 April 2009
  • History
  • Journal of Policy History
Th is article examines the reasons for the passage of the “Smoot-Hawley” Tariff Act in 1930 by focusing on President Herbert Hoover’s support for the bill. It is well known for imposing high tariff rates on many items in the midst of the Great Depression. Th e 1930 act represented, as most scholars conclude, the peak of protectionism in U.S. trade history. By causing other nations to enact retaliatory tariff s, it furthered the division of the world into economic blocks. 1 Even today, the act… 

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