The Paranoid Optimist: An Integrative Evolutionary Model of Cognitive Biases

@article{Haselton2006ThePO,
  title={The Paranoid Optimist: An Integrative Evolutionary Model of Cognitive Biases},
  author={Martie G. Haselton and Daniel Nettle},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Review},
  year={2006},
  volume={10},
  pages={47 - 66}
}
  • M. Haselton, D. Nettle
  • Published 1 February 2006
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Personality and Social Psychology Review
Human cognition is often biased, from judgments of the time of impact of approaching objects all the way through to estimations of social outcomes in the future. We propose these effects and a host of others may all be understood from an evolutionary psychological perspective. In this article, we elaborate error management theory (EMT; Haselton & Buss, 2000). EMT predicts that if judgments are made under uncertainty, and the costs of false positive and false negative errors have been asymmetric… 
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