The Paradox of Terrorism in Civil War

  title={The Paradox of Terrorism in Civil War},
  author={Stathis N. Kalyvas},
  journal={The Journal of Ethics},
  • S. Kalyvas
  • Published 1 March 2004
  • Political Science
  • The Journal of Ethics
A great deal of violence in civil wars is informed by the logic of terrorism: violence tends to be used by political actors against civilians in order to shape their political behavior. I focus on indiscriminate violence in the context of civil war: this is a type of violence that selects its victims on the basis of their membership in some group and irrespective of their individual actions. Extensive empirical evidence suggests that indiscriminate violence in civil war is informed by the logic… 

The Ubiquity of Terror: Politically Motivated Killing of Civilians

Abstract Despite ongoing debate, most definitions of terrorism agree that it involves violence against civilians by state or non-state actors intended to send a broader message to an audience well

Choosing Violence in Irregular Wars

Do warring sides in asymmetric conflicts always know what type of violence they use against civilians? This article relies on the case study of an anti-Soviet insurgency in Western Ukraine between

Domestic Terrorism in Democratic States: Understanding and Addressing Minority Grievances

Scholars continue to disagree on the relationship between regime type and political violence, perhaps because the empirical evidence remains contradictory. To date, most studies generally explore the

Civil Wars With or Without an End: Postwar Violence and Civil War Recurrence

This dissertation explores the factors associated with and the mechanisms that produce civil war recurrence. I argue that the variation in the government's use of violence after the war as a means of

Civilians as Pawns in the Game of Civil War

Introduction In every armed conflict civilians suffer from the consequences of the war in various ways, but in many conflicts civilians are also the deliberate targets of violence. Considering the

Does counterinsurgency fuel civil war? Peru and Syria compared

This article analyses the conflict-fuelling effects of counterinsurgency on civil war in Peru (1980–1995) and Syria (2011–2012). Despite different escalation onsets, in both cases the state's

Violence against Non-combatants and Participation Choices in Civil Wars Towards a Prospect-Theoretical Framework

Why do some individuals join armed groups in civil wars while others remain civilian bystanders? Why are civilians willing to rebel at all, given the costs and risks associated with the life of a

Civil War Mediation and Rebel Use of Violence Against Civilians

Violence against civilians is portrayed as an antecedent of civil war, a cause, or both. Civil war creates opportune environments for planning and carrying out these acts that in turn can have

Terrorism, Spoiling, and the Resolution of Civil Wars

Civil war combatants use terrorism frequently, yet we understand little about terrorism’s effects on war resolution. It is assumed that the primary combatants to a war hold a veto over resolution,

‘The Full Weight of the State’: The Logic of Random State-Sanctioned Violence

The literature on political violence has advanced some hypotheses concerning the forms and the causes of state-sanctioned violence and terror: why some governments make more widespread use of