The Papacy and Christian Mercenaries of Thirteenth-Century North Africa

@article{Lower2014ThePA,
  title={The Papacy and Christian Mercenaries of Thirteenth-Century North Africa},
  author={M. Lower},
  journal={Speculum},
  year={2014},
  volume={89},
  pages={601 - 631}
}
In the medieval period, Muslim rulers frequently hired Christian mercenary soldiers to defend their persons and bolster their armies. Nowhere was this practice more common than in North Africa, a region, then as now, linked to Europe through migration, diplomacy, and trade. From the twelfth century to the sixteenth, North African regimes of all types found it useful to recruit European fighters to their sides. Some of these mercenaries were former prisoners of war, while others were prominent… Expand
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