The Paleozoic Origin of Enzymatic Lignin Decomposition Reconstructed from 31 Fungal Genomes

  title={The Paleozoic Origin of Enzymatic Lignin Decomposition Reconstructed from 31 Fungal Genomes},
  author={Dimitrios Floudas and Manfred Binder and Robert Riley and Kerrie W. Barry and Robert A. Blanchette and Bernard Henrissat and Angel T. Martı́nez and Robert Otillar and Joseph W. Spatafora and Jagjit Yadav and Andrea Aerts and Isabelle Benoit and Alex Boyd and Alexis Carlson and Alex Copeland and Pedro M. Coutinho and Ronald P. de Vries and Patricia Ferreira and Keisha Findley and Brian Foster and Jill Gaskell and Dylan Glotzer and Paweł G{\'o}recki and Joseph Heitman and Cedar Hesse and Chiaki Hori and Kiyohiko Igarashi and Joel A. Jurgens and Nathan M Kallen and Philip J. Kersten and Annegret Kohler and Ursula K{\"u}es and T. K. Arun Kumar and Alan Kuo and Kurt LaButti and Luis F. Larrondo and Erika A. Lindquist and Albee Y. Ling and Vincent Lombard and Susan M. Lucas and Taina Kristina Lundell and Rachael Martin and David J. McLaughlin and Ingo Morgenstern and Emanuelle Morin and Claude Murat and L{\'a}szl{\'o} G. Nagy and Matt Nolan and Robin A. Ohm and Aleksandrina Patyshakuliyeva and Antonis Rokas and Francisco Javier Ruiz-Due{\~n}as and Grzegorz Sabat and Asaf A. Salamov and Masahiro Samejima and Jeremy Schmutz and Jason C. Slot and Franz J. St John and Jan Stenlid and Hui Sun and Sheng Sun and Khajamohiddin Syed and Adrian Tsang and Ad Wiebenga and Darcy Young and Antonio G. Pisabarro and Daniel C. Eastwood and Francis M. Martin and Daniel Cullen and Igor V. Grigoriev and David S. Hibbett},
  pages={1715 - 1719}
Dating Wood Rot Specific lineages within the basidiomycete fungi, white rot species, have evolved the ability to break up a major structural component of woody plants, lignin, relative to their non–lignin-decaying brown rot relatives. Through the deep phylogenetic sampling of fungal genomes, Floudas et al. (p. 1715; see the Perspective by Hittinger) mapped the detailed evolution of wood-degrading enzymes. A key peroxidase and other enzymes involved in lignin decay were present in the common… 
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Evolution of lignin decomposition systems in fungi
  • D. Floudas
  • Computer Science
    Wood Degradation and Ligninolytic Fungi
  • 2021
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Comparative Transcriptome and Secretome Analysis of Wood Decay Fungi Postia placenta and Phanerochaete chrysosporium
The two species display distinct expression patterns for oxidoreductase-encoding genes that are consistent with an extracellular Fenton system and include the upregulation of genes involved in iron acquisition, in the synthesis of low-molecular-weight quinones, and possibly in redox cycling reactions.
Significant Alteration of Gene Expression in Wood Decay Fungi Postia placenta and Phanerochaete chrysosporium by Plant Species
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