The Painful Duality of Envy: Evidence for an Integrative Theory and a Meta-Analysis on the Relation of Envy and Schadenfreude

@article{Lange2018ThePD,
  title={The Painful Duality of Envy: Evidence for an Integrative Theory and a Meta-Analysis on the Relation of Envy and Schadenfreude},
  author={Jens Lange and Aaron C. Weidman and Jan Crusius},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year={2018},
  volume={114},
  pages={572–598}
}
Despite envy’s importance as a driver of social behavior, scholars disagree on its conceptualization. We review the literature and distinguish three incongruent theories: (a) Malicious Envy Theory (i.e., envy as uniform and malicious), (b) Dual Envy Theory (i.e., envy as taking on 2 forms, benign and malicious), and (c) Pain Theory of Envy (i.e., envy as uniform and driven by pain). Moreover, within and across theories, operationalizations of envy have included various different components. We… Expand

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

The antecedents and consequences of workplace envy: A meta-analytic review
Extensive research has been conducted into the antecedents and consequences of workplace envy, but there have been limited meta-analytic reviews. This meta-analysis draws on social comparison theoryExpand
Elucidating the Dark Side of Envy: Distinctive Links of Benign and Malicious Envy With Dark Personalities
TLDR
The correlational and experimental results suggest that the two forms of envy can both be malevolent, and instead of evaluating envy’s morality, it is proposed to focus on its functional value. Expand
An Interdisciplinary Perspective on the Value of Envy
The public and scholars alike largely consider envy to be reprehensible. This judgment of the value of envy commonly results either from a limited understanding of the nature of envy or from aExpand
The Philosophy of Envy
Envy is almost universally condemned and feared. But is its bad reputation always warranted? In this book, Sara Protasi argues that envy is more multifaceted than it seems, and that some varieties ofExpand
Envy: An Adversarial Review and Comparison of Two Competing Views
The nature of envy has recently been the subject of a heated debate. Some researchers see envy as a complex, yet unitary construct that despite being hostile in nature can lead to both hostile andExpand
Understanding envy and users' responses to envy in the context of social networking sites: A literature review
TLDR
This work reviews and clarifies the concept of envy in the SNS context and how users respond to envy they experienced in an SNS environment and provides directions for future investigations on the phenomenon of SNS-induced envy. Expand
Outperformed: how the envy reflex influences status seeking service consumers’ engagement
The purpose of this paper is to assist service management academics and providers of positional services (i.e. services that provide status attainment benefits to consumers) to better understand howExpand
Upward social comparison and Facebook users' grandiosity
TLDR
The research showed that the excessive narcissism of users on Facebook is an inconsistent information with real selves of users, thus triggering the ME, which causes avoidance from other Facebook users, and the authors have proven that social comparison and envy emotion are the causes of the loneliness. Expand
Does Dispositional Envy Make You Flourish More (or Less) in Life? An Examination of Its Longitudinal Impact and Mediating Mechanisms Among Adolescents and Young Adults
The association between dispositional envy and subjective well-being has been well-investigated in the literature. Nevertheless, most of these investigations have predominantly (1) focused on theExpand
An Assessment of Envy in Undergraduates of a State University in Sri Lanka
Envy, a universal emotion, occurs when an individual sees in another, attributes perceived to be lacking in oneself. It is a distressing emotion which could be socially destructive. Empirical data onExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 184 REFERENCES
The tango of two deadly sins: The social-functional relation of envy and pride.
TLDR
The findings show the value of studying envy as a social phenomenon and open up numerous avenues for research on envy at the interpersonal and intergroup level. Expand
Who Turns Green with Envy? Conceptual and Empirical Perspectives on Dispositional Envy
Previous research has conceptualized dispositional envy as a general construct that does not vary across comparison domains. In five studies (N = 1393), we examine dispositional envy as aExpand
Envy divides the two faces of narcissism.
TLDR
The results suggest envy is a central emotion in the lives of those with narcissistic vulnerability and imply that envy should be reconsidered as a symptom accompanying grandiose features in the diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder. Expand
The Evil Queen's Dilemma: Linking Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry to Benign and Malicious Envy
It is widely assumed that narcissists are envious. Nevertheless, evidence supporting this claim has remained elusive. In five studies (N = 1,225), we disentangle how grandiose narcissism predictsExpand
When envy leads to schadenfreude
TLDR
It is found that malicious envy is related to schadenfreude, while benign envy is not, and this result holds both in the Netherlands and in the USA where a single word is used to denote both types. Expand
An Emotion Divided
The recent surge in envy research has brought with it a line of inquiry differentiating between “benign” and “malicious” envy. “Benign” envy involves the motivation to improve the self, leading toExpand
Integrating multiple perspectives on schadenfreude: The role of deservingness and emotions
Schadenfreude, or pleasure in another person’s misfortune, has been linked to a cognitive appraisal that other deserves the misfortune. In the present study we develop a structural model that linksExpand
The Anatomy of Envy: A Study in Symbolic Behavior [and Comments and Reply]
Envy is a pan-human phenomenon, universally feared, at least subconsciously, as a particularly dangerous emotion, since it implies hostility and aggression capable of destroying individuals and evenExpand
Envy : theory and research
Contents: 1. Introduction Richard H. Smith and Sung Hee Kim Part I: Theological, Philosophical, and Evolutionary Foundations 2. Envy in Jewish Thought and Literature Solomon Schimmel 3. Envy in theExpand
The role of self-evaluation and envy in schadenfreude
In this article we address why and when people feel schadenfreude (pleasure at the misfortunes of others) in both interpersonal and intergroup contexts. Using findings from our own researchExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...