The Outcome of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Using Intravenous Catheter for Obtaining Percutaneous Access as a Treatment for Renal Stone Disease in Children: A Pilot Study.


PURPOSE Using percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL), it is easy to reach stones in various parts of the kidney via a single access tract. In the current study, we set out to demonstrate that the intravenous catheter is a safe way to gain renal access, and that PNL is safe in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of… (More)


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