The Origins of the Nile Perch in Lake Victoria

  title={The Origins of the Nile Perch in Lake Victoria},
  author={Robert M. Pringle},
  • R. Pringle
  • Published 1 September 2005
  • Environmental Science, History
Abstract The ways in which economic, social, and political forces lead to species introductions are an important, if overlooked, aspect of ecology and conservation. The nonnative Nile perch (Lates niloticus) in Lake Victoria, and the ecological changes associated with the species' establishment and expansion there, has elicited tremendous attention from biologists. Yet it has never been clear why, when, or by whom the fish was introduced. Here I outline the history of fishery research and… 

The Nile Perch in Lake Victoria: Local Responses and Adaptations

Abstract Introduced into Lake Victoria in the 1950s, the Nile perch has gained fame for prompting rapid regional economic growth and for driving scores of endemic fish species into extinction. This

Seeing the water for the fish: building on perspectives of Lake Victoria

Over the past century, Lake Victoria, in East Africa, has been stage to the most dramatic social, economical and ecological changes: it saw a hundreds-rich diversity of fish species collapse; an

Historical Perspectives and Trends in Fisheries Research in Tanzania

This chapter traces the history and trends in fisheries research for the Tanzanian part of Lake Victoria and its basin back to the late nineteenth century when the haplochromine species were

A Lake to Serve: The Exploration, Modification, and Degradation of Lake Victoria, 1920s to 1960s

  • Jan C. Breitinger
  • Environmental Science
    The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History
  • 2021
ABSTRACT Over the course of the twentieth century, Lake Victoria faced an unprecedented decline: From a symbol of biodiversity, Africa’s largest lake evolved into a highly degraded habitat. What were

Nile perch and the transformation of Lake Victoria

It is concluded that the haplochromine destruction disrupted the complex food webs that existed prior to the upsurge of Nile perch, and the condition of the lake appears to have stabilised since 2000, partly because the fish biomass has risen to at least 2 × 106 t, replacing the ‘lost’ biomass and restoring some ecosystem functioning.

Fishing down and fishing hard: ecological change in the Nile perch of Lake Nabugabo, Uganda

Fishing is a potent ecological force. In Lake Victoria, East Africa, Nile perch, Lates niloticus contributes to a multi-million dollar fishing industry but is threatened by over-exploitation. We

Ecological, environmental and socioeconomic aspects of the Lake Victoria's introduced Nile perch fishery in relation to the native fisheries and the species culture potential: lessons to learn

Inland fishery ecosystems in Africa are characterized by patterns of overexploitation, environmental degradation and exotic species introductions. Ecological complexity and diversity of aquatic


Lake Victoria is the largest among the African Great Lakes in East African region that are believed to have both dynamic and fragile aquatic ecosystems. Within two decades, the lake has experienced

The invasion of an introduced predator, Nile perch (Lates niloticus, L.) in Lake Victoria (East Africa): chronology and causes

Nile perch, a large predatory fish, was introduced into Lake Victoria in 1954. The upsurge of Nile perch in Lake Victoria was first observed in the Nyanza Gulf, Kenya, in 1979. In Ugandan waters this

The Nile perch invasion in Lake Victoria: cause or consequence of the haplochromine decline?

It is hypothesized that the shift to Nile perch was a consequence of an externally caused, climate-triggered decrease in haplochromine biomass and associated recruitment failure rather than a direct cause of the introduction.



The Nile Perch in Lake Victoria: Local Responses and Adaptations

Abstract Introduced into Lake Victoria in the 1950s, the Nile perch has gained fame for prompting rapid regional economic growth and for driving scores of endemic fish species into extinction. This

Thirty years on: the development of the Nile perch fishery in Lake Victoria

Accounts of the introductions of the large centropomid piscivore, Nile perch, Lates niloticus, into the waters of Lake Victoria have been provided by a number of writers (see Reynolds and Greboval,

Biodiversity and Fishery Sustainability in the Lake Victoria Basin: An Unexpected Marriage?

Abstract Lake Victoria is Africa's single most important source of inland fishery production. After it was initially fished down in the first half of the 20th century, Lake Victoria became home to a

The decline of the native fishes of lakes Victoria and Kyoga (East Africa) and the impact of introduced species, especially the Nile perch, Lates niloticus, and the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus

  • R. Ogutu-ohwayo
  • Environmental Science, History
    Environmental Biology of Fishes
  • 2004
The Nile perch, Lates niloticus, a large, voracious predator which was introduced into these lakes about the middle of the century along with several tilapiine species, is thought to have caused the reduction in the stocks of several species.

Prospects for the fishery on the small pelagic Rastrineobola argentea in Lake Victoria

  • J. Wanink
  • Environmental Science
  • 2004
The pelagic cyprinid dagaa plays a crucial role in the disrupted ecosystem of Lake Victoria. It is the main utilizer of zooplankton, a major prey for the introduced Nile perch and, after Nile perch,

Fish Faunal Resurgence in Lake Nabugabo, East Africa

Abstract: In Lake Nabugabo, Uganda, a small satellite of the equatorial Lake Victoria, approximately 50% of the indigenous fish species disappeared from the open waters subsequent to establishment of

A report on the fisheries of Uganda investigated by the Cambridge Expedition to the East African Lakes, 1930-31 Zoological Laboratory, Cambridge, June, 1932

There was very little previous information to use as a basis for work on Lakes Edward and George, but fortunately the region had been mapped in some detail by the Uganda-Congo Boundary Commission of

The Joint Fisheries Research Organisation : 1951

During a visit to Central Africa in 1946, the recently appointed Colonial Office fisheries adviser, Dr C.F. Hickling, had endorsed the value and potential of Central African fisheries, but, like

Homage to Santa Rosalia or Why Are There So Many Kinds of Animals?

The address of the president of a society, founded largely to further the study of evolution, at the close of the year that marks the centenary of Darwin and Wallace's initial presentation of the theory of natural selection.