The Origins of Ubiquitous Computing Research at PARC in the Late 1980s

  title={The Origins of Ubiquitous Computing Research at PARC in the Late 1980s},
  author={Mark D. Weiser and Rich Gold and John Seely Brown},
  journal={IBM Syst. J.},
Ubiquitous computing began in the Electronics and Imaging Laboratory of the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center. This essay tells the inside story of its evolution from “computer walls” to “calm computing.” 
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Computer for the 21st Century
Accepted for publication May 11, 1999
  • Epilogue On April 27, 1999, Mark Weiser passed away following a sudden encounter with cancer. Young as
  • 1997
Beyond calculation: The next fifty years of computing
Krivacic, and M.Weiser, “ExperienceswithX in aWireless Environment,
  • Proceedings USENIX Symposium on Mobile and Location-Independent Computing,
  • 1993
Chief Technologist at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), and prior to that headed the Computer Science Laboratory at PARC
  • 1970