The Origins of Ubiquitous Computing Research at PARC in the Late 1980s

@article{Weiser1999TheOO,
  title={The Origins of Ubiquitous Computing Research at PARC in the Late 1980s},
  author={M. Weiser and R. Gold and J. Brown},
  journal={IBM Syst. J.},
  year={1999},
  volume={38},
  pages={693-696}
}
Ubiquitous computing began in the Electronics and Imaging Laboratory of the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center. This essay tells the inside story of its evolution from “computer walls” to “calm computing.” 
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References

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TLDR
The Ubiquitous Computing philosophy, the ParcTab system, user-interface issues for small devices, and the experience developing and testing a variety of mobile applications are described. Expand
Some computer science issues in ubiquitous computing
TLDR
What is new and different about the computer science in ubiquitous computing is explained, and a series of examples drawn from various subdisciplines of computer science are outlined. Expand
Experiences with X in a Wireless Environment
TLDR
The network may not be the computer any more, but it certainly influences the way the computer performs, and adding a fairly atypical network layer cannot help but expose some underlying assumptions. Expand
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With nearly one million pixels and an accurate, multi-state, cordless pen, the Liveboard provides a basis for research on user interfaces for group meetings, presentations and remote collaboration. Expand
Computer for the 21st Century
Accepted for publication May 11, 1999
  • Epilogue On April 27, 1999, Mark Weiser passed away following a sudden encounter with cancer. Young as
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Chief Technologist at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), and prior to that headed the Computer Science Laboratory at PARC
  • 1970
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