The Origins of Scaling in Cities

@article{Bettencourt2013TheOO,
  title={The Origins of Scaling in Cities},
  author={Lu{\'i}s M. A. Bettencourt},
  journal={Science},
  year={2013},
  volume={340},
  pages={1438 - 1441}
}
The Equations Underlying Cities Cities are complex systems of which functioning depends upon many social, economic, and environmental factors. Bettencourt (p. 1438; see the cover; see the Perspective by Batty) developed a theory to explain the quantitative relationships observed between various aspects of cities and population size or land area. Cities of all sizes can be modeled as interdependent networks of interactions and infrastructure. [Also see Perspective by Batty] Despite the… 

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