The Origins of Informed Consent: The International Scientific Commission on Medical War Crimes, and the Nuremberg Code

  title={The Origins of Informed Consent: The International Scientific Commission on Medical War Crimes, and the Nuremberg Code},
  author={Paul Weindling},
  journal={Bulletin of the History of Medicine},
  pages={37 - 71}
  • P. Weindling
  • Published 1 March 2001
  • Medicine
  • Bulletin of the History of Medicine
The Nuremberg Code has generally been seen as arising from the Nuremberg Medical Trial. This paper examines developments prior to the Trial, involving the physiologist Andrew Conway Ivy and an inter-Allied Scientific Commission on Medical War Crimes. The paper traces the formulation of the concept of a medical war crime by the physiologist John West Thompson, as part of the background to Ivy's code on human experiments of 1 August 1946. It evaluates subsequent responses by the American Medical… 

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