The Origins of Afroasiatic

@article{Ehret2004TheOO,
  title={The Origins of Afroasiatic},
  author={Christopher Ehret and Souleymane Keita and Paul Douglas Newman},
  journal={Science},
  year={2004},
  volume={306},
  pages={1680 - 1680}
}
In their Review “Farmers and their languages: the first expansions” (25 Apr. 2003, p. [597][1]), J. Diamond and P. Bellwood suggest that food production and the Afroasiatic language family were brought simultaneously from the Near East to Africa by demic diffusion, in other words, by a migration 

Timing of a Back-Migration into Africa

This work has suggested that indigenous North Africans are genetically quite distinct from sub-Saharan Africans, and this difference is reflected in their lighter skin and European/Middle Eastern physical features.

Languages of the Caucasus

The Caucasian isthmus, lying between the Black and Caspian seas at the interface of Europe and Asia, is one of the Earth's richest ethno-linguistic regions. Some of the currently spoken languages

Working toward a synthesis of archaeological, linguistic, and genetic data for inferring African population history

What emerges from this review is the importance of using independent lines of evidence in the interpretation of genetic and genomic data in the reconstruction of past population histories.

Africa from 48,000 to 9500BCE

This chapter sets world historical study within a larger history of periodization, showing the relation between its methodological difficulties and its immense historiographical significance. It

Africa's Development in Historical Perspective: Africa in World History before ca. 1440

The African Origins of History Barely more than fifty thousand years ago, the ancestors of every single human being alive today lived in Africa. World history to that point was African history. That

Population genetic structure in Indian Austroasiatic speakers: the role of landscape barriers and sex-specific admixture.

It is proposed that AA speakers in India today are derived from dispersal from southeast Asia, followed by extensive sex-specific admixture with local Indian populations, strongly supporting the first of the two hypotheses.

Niger-Congo Linguistic Features and Typology

The purpose of the present chapter is to survey and discuss some of the prominent linguistic properties of NigerCongo (NC) languages. This task is a difficult one for at least five reasons. The first

The role of comparative/historical linguistics in reconstructing the past: what borrowed and inherited words tell us about the early history of Hausa

Hausa, with perhaps as many as 40 million first-language speakers (within the Afroasiatic/Afrasian phylum only Arabic has more), is by far the largest of the 130 or so languages which constitute the

General/Specific, Local/Global: Comparing the Beginnings of Agriculture in the Horn of Africa (Ethiopia/Eritrea) and Southwest Arabia (Yemen)

The Horn of Africa and Southwest Arabia are less than 30 km apart, yet the timing and nature of transitions to agriculture along the margins of the southern Red Sea differ substantially. This paper

History in the interpretation of the pattern of p49a,f TaqI RFLP Y‐chromosome variation in Egypt: A consideration of multiple lines of evidence

  • S. Keita
  • History
    American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 2005
A synthesis of evidence from archaeology, historical linguistics, texts, distribution of haplotypes outside Egypt, and some demographic considerations lends greater support to the establishment of the establishment, before the Middle Kingdom, of the observed distributions of the most prevalent haplotypes V, XI, and IV.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 11 REFERENCES

On the Antiquity of Agriculture in Ethiopia

  • C. Ehret
  • History, Economics
    The Journal of African History
  • 1979
From various kinds of evidence it can now be argued that agriculture in Ethiopia and the Horn was quite ancient, originating as much as 7,000 or more years ago, and that its development owed nothing

Some Reflections on the Afrasian Linguistic Macrofamily

Reflexions de l'A. sur la macrofamille linguistique afrasienne (afro-asiatique) suite a la lecture du dictionnaire New Hamito-Semitic Etymological Dictionary : Materials of a reconstruction de V.E.

Pleistocene connexions between Africa and Southwest Asia: an archaeological perspective

This paper investigates the archaeological evidence for direct prehistoric connexions between Southwest Asia and Africa during the Palaeolithic period. The importance of the ‘Levantine Corridor’

Holocene Settlement of the Egyptian Sahara

by Fred Wendorf and Romuald Schild The Eastern Sahara is a fascinating place to study structures. These larger, more complex sites are almost prehistory. Confronted with the stark reality of a

Origin, diffusion, and differentiation of Y-chromosome haplogroups E and J: inferences on the neolithization of Europe and later migratory events in the Mediterranean area.

The phylogeography of Y-chromosome haplogroups E and J was investigated in >2400 subjects from 29 populations, mainly from Europe and the Mediterranean area but also from Africa and Asia, revealing spatial patterns that are consistent with a Levantine/Anatolian dispersal route to southeastern Europe.

Brief communication: Y-chromosome haplotypes in Egypt.

Y-chromosome haplotypes in the Nile River Valley in Egypt are analyzed in 274 unrelated males, using the p49a,f TaqI polymorphism, finding that Haplotype V is a characteristic Arab haplotype, with a northern geographic distribution in Egypt in the River Valley.

The phylogeography of Y chromosome binary haplotypes and the origins of modern human populations

A set of unique event polymorphisms associated with the non‐recombining portion of the Y‐chromosome (NRY) addresses this issue by providing evidence concerning successful migrations originating from Africa, which can be interpreted as subsequent colonizations, differentiations and migrations overlaid upon previous population ranges.

THE EARLIEST SEMITIC SOCIETY LINGUISTIC DATA

Pour les historiens, la linguistique peut etre une source d'information importante sur les societes primitives, c-a-d sur les periodes qui ne sont pas refletees dans les sources ecrites. Dans cet