• Corpus ID: 18068539

The Origins of Addiction: Evidence from the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study

  title={The Origins of Addiction: Evidence from the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study},
  author={Vincent J. Felitti},
A population-based analysis of over 17,000 middle-class American adults undergoing comprehensive, biopsychosocial medical evaluation indicates that three common categories of addiction are strongly related in a proportionate manner to several specific categories of adverse experiences during childhood. This, coupled with related information, suggests that the basic cause of addiction is predominantly experiencedependent during childhood and not substance-dependent. This challenge to the usual… 

EMDR Therapy and the Treatment of Substance Abuse and Addiction

Addiction is not a failure of will or of strength of character. Addiction is a disorder of the brain that given the right set of circumstances could affect anyone. The authors of this chapter, and

Trauma-Informed Approaches Need to be Part of a Comprehensive Strategy for Addressing the Opioid Epidemic

  • Psychology, Medicine
  • 2017
To be effective, a strategy to address the opioid epidemic must recognize the role that trauma and ACEs play in addiction, and must incorporate traumainformed prevention and treatment in a significant way.

Meaning-Making among Drug Addicts during Drug Addiction Recovery from the Perspective of the Meaning-Making Model

The results showed that meaning making was an ongoing process before and during the use of drugs and recovery, and creating a constructive meaning of earliest traumatic experiences played an important role in preventing relapse and ensuring the success of recovery from drug addiction.

[Family violence and mental health in adolescence: complex trauma as a developmental disorder].

The study indicates the need to raise clinical awareness of the consequences of complex trauma on development and to adopt specific diagnostic tools for evaluating post-traumatic outcomes in patients cared for by mental health services.

The Effects of Childhood Sexual Abuse and Other Trauma on Drug Court Participants

Within the context of a larger study of drug court participants, this study examined the impact of traumatic experiences on psychiatric distress and on court outcomes. In the analyses, the


The causes for the partnership problems and low birth-rate can be looked upon not only through an economical discourse, but also via the thorough exploration of psychological determinants of

Women abused as children and participatory dreaming: a study of unitary healing.

There is an extremely high percentage of American women who have experienced abuse as children. The consequences of these experiences are pervasive and severe including lifelong patterns of wounding.

Meditation as a Coping Intervention for Treatment of Addiction

Addiction is a complex problem that can affect all realms of life and calls for a holistic response. Stress can contribute to addiction, and stress also results from the consequences of addiction.



Adverse childhood experiences and smoking during adolescence and adulthood.

Primary prevention of adverse childhood experiences and improved treatment of exposed children could reduce smoking among both adolescents and adults.

Childhood abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction and the risk of illicit drug use: the adverse childhood experiences study.

The persistent graded relationship between the ACE score and initiation of drug use for 4 successive birth cohorts dating back to 1900 suggests that the effects of adverse childhood experiences transcend secular changes such as increased availability of drugs, social attitudes toward drugs, and recent massive expenditures and public information campaigns to prevent drug use.

Adverse childhood experiences and personal alcohol abuse as an adult.

Affect regulation, nicotine addiction, and smoking cessation.

  • T. Carmody
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of psychoactive drugs
  • 1989
Implications for smoking cessation treatment are discussed in the areas of the use of pharmacologic agents in the reduction of nicotine withdrawal symptoms; (2) nicotine replacement therapy; and (3) skills-training approaches to smoking cessation and relapse prevention.

Depression and the dynamics of smoking. A national perspective.

Depressed smokers were 40% less likely to have quit compared with nondepressed smokers and adjusted for amount smoked, sex, age, and educational attainment by means of a Cox proportional hazards model found that depression plays an important role in the dynamics of cigarette smoking in the United States.

Long‐term Medical Consequences of Incest, Rape, and Molestation

  • V. Felitti
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Southern medical journal
  • 1991
Questions about childhood sexual abuse must become part of the practitioner's review of systems in these difficult cases, if not routinely, it is clear that these remote events can underlie difficult chronic medical problems.

Narcotic use in southeast Asia and afterward. An interview study of 898 Vietnam returnees.

Results indicate that before arrival, hard drug use was largely casual, and less than 1% had ever been addicted to narcotics, and after return, usage and addiction essentially decreased to pre-Vietnam levels.

Psychopharmacology : a generation of progress

This all-encompassing volume was developed by the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology for the purpose of providing a comprehensive survey of progress in that field, and covers the ethics of the use of the drugs, their biochemical bases, and their clinical utilization.

The sixth Thomas James Okey Memorial Lecture. Vietnam veterans' rapid recovery from heroin addiction: a fluke or normal expectation?

The surprisingly low levels of readdiction and the rarity of addiction to narcotics alone as compared with poly-substance dependence are findings still not entirely incorporated into public and scientific views of heroin addiction.

Psychopharmacology. A Generation of Progress

Although this volume is poorly suited for trainees, it should be of value to those experienced in computed tomography; they will gain new outlooks and broader insights as they absorb the material.