The Origins and Social Consequences of China's Hukou System

@article{Cheng1994TheOA,
  title={The Origins and Social Consequences of China's Hukou System},
  author={Tiejun Cheng and Mark Selden},
  journal={The China Quarterly},
  year={1994},
  volume={139},
  pages={644-668}
}
Throughout the 1950s China implemented a code of laws, regulations and programmes whose effect was formally to differentiate residential groups as a means to control population movement and mobility and to shape state developmental priorities. The hukou system, which emerged in the course of a decade, was integral to the collective transformation of the countryside, to a demographic strategy that restricted urbanization, and to the redefinition of city-countryside and state-society relations… 
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