The Origin of the Reserve Clause

  title={The Origin of the Reserve Clause},
  author={E. Woodrow Eckard},
  journal={Journal of Sports Economics},
  pages={113 - 130}
  • E. Eckard
  • Published 1 May 2001
  • Economics
  • Journal of Sports Economics
This article examines the creation of the first professional athletic labor market restriction over a century ago. In 1879, professional baseball club owners mutually agreed that each could reserve five players whom the others would not sign without permission, justifying the action by claiming that it was in the “public interest,” that is, necessary to preserve the game in the face of various alleged problems. Analysis of the relevant data reveals that these problems were either nonexistent or… 

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