The Origin of the Kingdom of Kush (Napata-Meroë)

  title={The Origin of the Kingdom of Kush (Napata-Mero{\"e})},
  author={David M. Dixon},
  journal={The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology},
  pages={121 - 132}
  • D. Dixon
  • Published 1 December 1964
  • History
  • The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology
IN view of the great part played by the Kingdom of Napata-Meroe in the diffusion of Egyptian civilization in Africa,I the problem of its origin is of interest to Africanists and Egyptologists alike. In a recently written but not yet published paper, 2 I have discussed the evidence for Egyptian contact with the lands of the Upper Nile and beyond, prior to the ninth century B.C. During the Twentieth Dynasty, the area between the First and Fourth Cataracts was abandoned by the Egyptians and… 

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192), is irrelevant, for by that time the negro element in Kush was very strong. 2 Cf
    See my forthcoming paper on 'The Horse in Nubia
      Likewise the appearance on reliefs in the pyramid-chapels at Meroe and on the walls of the 'Lion Temple' at Naga' (c. rst century A.D.)of steatopygous females, some with negroid features
        Four Khartoum Stelae', Kush 2, 19 ff.; id., 'The Nubian Kingdom of the Second Intermediate Period
          5 I am grateful to Mr. Dows Dunham of the Boston Museum for permission to reproduce illustrations from
            South Cemetery. The site was first occupied about the reign of Pisankhy (2) .••• The West Cemetery was in constant use from the time of Pisankhy (2) until the final destruction of Meroe
            • Sudan Notes and Records
            Zu der Inschrift von Tukh el Karmus', Rec
            • Trav
            • 1901
            Meroe, the City of the Ethiopians (Oxford, 19II), 30 ff
              Figs. I and 2 come from that volume, pp. 6 and 16; the material on plates XI and XII also comes from EI-Kurru
                A History of Nubia . • . to the fall of Meros, chap. ix, 5 So Arkell, op, cit