The Origin of the Great Bend of the Nile from SIR-C/X-SAR Imagery

@article{Stern1996TheOO,
  title={The Origin of the Great Bend of the Nile from SIR-C/X-SAR Imagery},
  author={Robert J. Stern and Mohamed G. Abdelsalam},
  journal={Science},
  year={1996},
  volume={274},
  pages={1696 - 1698}
}
The course of the Nile in northern Sudan follows a contorted path through Precambrian bedrock. Radar imagery shows that basement structures control the river's course in this region. Northward-flowing segments follow Precambrian fabrics, whereas east-west segments follow faults of much younger age. These faults may reflect recent uplift of the Nubian Swell and deflection of the river to the southwest to form the great bend of the Nile. 
Mapping Subsurface Geology in Sahara Using L-Band SAR: First Results From the ALOS/PALSAR Imaging Radar
TLDR
Within the framework of Kyoto & Carbon Initiative of the Japanese Space Agency (JAXA), JERS-1 and ALOS/PALSAR radar images are used to build regional and continental scale mosaics of Sahara, revealing previously unknown geological features: craters, faults, paleo-rivers. Expand
Application of satellite radar data suggest that the Kharga Depression in south-western Egypt is a fracture rock aquifer
SIR-C and Radarsat radar data have been used to map structural and fluvial features in south-western Egypt in order to identify new ground-water resources in fracture rock aquifer settings. TheseExpand
Remote sensing of paleodrainage systems west of the Nile River, Egypt
Abstract Remotely sensed data show details of the geomorphic features and landscape evolution west of the Nile. The detected features include remnants of paleochannels, flutes and rock-massExpand
Geological mapping of the Central Cairo-Suez District of Egypt, using space-borne optical and radar dataset
Abstract The Central Cairo-Suez District (CCSD) has a special urban extension, particularly the fast growth of the new Cairo and New Administration Capital of Egypt (NACE). Accurate discrimination ofExpand
Mapping exposed and buried river channels using remote sensing techniques with an example from Mubra channel, the Negev, Israel
The Halutza, Agur and Shunra sand dunes are the continuation of the great northern Sinai dunes. Playa sediments from the late Quaternary are found on upper parts of river channels in the area of theExpand
Structural influence on the evolution of the pre-Eonile drainage system of southern Egypt: Insights from magnetotelluric and gravity data
The Wadi Kubbaniya in the Western Desert of Egypt north of the City of Aswan has been interpreted as the downstream continuation of the Wadi Abu Subeira, comprising an ancient W- and NW-flowing riverExpand
The Nubian Swell
We use the name Nubian Swell to refer to a complex, east–west trending structural high in southern Egypt and northern Sudan. This 500 km wide zone of uplifted Neoproterozoic crystalline basement andExpand
Merowe Dam and the inundation of paleochannels of the Nile
The course of the Nile in northern Sudan follows a contorted path through bedrocks, creating the Great Bend. Few years ago, the satellite images showed a fertile strip of land with villages, whereExpand
Mapping of a major paleodrainage system in eastern Libya using orbital imaging radar: The Kufrah River
Paillou, P., Schuster, M., Tooth, S., Farr, T., Rosenqvist, A., Lopez, S., Malezieux, J-M (2009). Mapping of a major paleodrainage system in eastern Libya using orbital imaging radar: The KufrahExpand
Use of radar data to delineate palaeodrainage leading to the Kufra Oasis in the eastern Sahara
Abstract Radar-revealed palaeodrainage systems are analyzed using Radarsat-1 data covering the Kufra Oasis and parts of southeastern Libya and northern Chad. The analysis shows that two mega fluvialExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 22 REFERENCES
Mapping Precambrian structures in the Sahara Desert with SIR‐C/X‐SAR radar: The Neoproterozoic Keraf Suture, NE Sudan
A major N-trending Neoproterozoic suture between composite arc terranes of the Arabian-Nubian Shield in the east and older crust of the Nile Craton to the west is inferred to trend N-S close to theExpand
Deformational History of the Neoproterozoic Keraf Zone in NE Sudan, Revealed by Shuttle Imaging Radar
The location of the boundary between juvenile Neoproterozoic crust of the Arabian-Nubian Shield in the Red Sea Hills and older crust of the Nile craton to the west is defined by the Keraf zone inExpand
Atmur-Delgo suture: A Neoproterozoic oceanic basin extending into the interior of northeast Africa
Field and remote-sensing data have enabled identification of a previously unrecognized discontinuous belt of ophiolitic nappe remnants in northeastern Sudan. The belt crops out for 200 km in a westExpand
Late Quaternary history of the Nile
During the intertropical cold dry phase from ∼20,000 to 12,500 yr BP, the aggrading Nile was a braided, highly seasonal river. With a headwaters change to warmer, wetter conditions, it became anExpand
An excursion to the Bayuda volcanic field of Northern Sudan
A cluster of well-preserved recent volcanoes in the northern Bayuda Desert make up a more or less continuous field some 520 km2 in area surrounded by a number of isolated centres of eruption. TheExpand
Relationships of mineral deposits and lineament analysis of the Red Sea region, northeastern Sudan
Abstract The Red Sea region of northeastern Sudan is the most favorable target for mineral prospection. It is the place where almost all types of mineral deposits, so far recorded in Sudan, wereExpand
K-Ar dating of ring complexes and fault systems in Northern Kordofan, Sudan: evidence for independent magmatic and tectonic activity
From an area of brittle shearing and ring complexes in Northern Kordofan, Sudan 28 K-Ar ages were calculated to determine the geochronology of tectonic and magmatic events. The age results forExpand
Evolution of the Neoproterozoic Delgo suture zone and crustal growth in Northern Sudan: geochemical and radiogenic isotope constraints
In the Delgo basement area of northern Sudan, low to medium grade metamorphosed volcanic, sedimentary and plutonic rocks are surrounded by high grade gneisses. A NNE-SSW trending suture zone can beExpand
Paleozoic and Mesozoic Geological History of Northeastern Africa Based Upon New Interpretation of Nubian Strata (1)
The Nubia terrain in southern Egypt and northern Sudan is the type area for strata of mainly Cretaceous age. Because "Nubian Sandstone" or "Nubian Formation" or similar terms were used for strata inExpand
U-Pb (zircon) ages for the gneissic terrane west of the Nile, southern Egypt
The first U-Pb zircon ages are reported for the gneissic bedrock inliers previously interpreted as part of the Nile Craton. The inliers crop out in the Egyptian Western Desert, east of the UweinatExpand
...
1
2
3
...