The Origin of the Attine Ant-Fungus Mutualism

@article{Mueller2001TheOO,
  title={The Origin of the Attine Ant-Fungus Mutualism},
  author={U. Mueller and T. Schultz and C. R. Currie and D. Malloch},
  journal={The Quarterly Review of Biology},
  year={2001},
  volume={76},
  pages={169 - 197}
}
Cultivation of fungus for food originated about 45-65 million years ago in the ancestor of fungus-growing ants (Formicidae, tribe Attini), representing an evolutionary transition from the life of a hunter-gatherer of arthropod prey, nectar, and other plant juices, to the life of a farmer subsisting on cultivated fungi. Seven hypotheses have been suggested for the origin of attine fungiculture, each differing with respect to the substrate used by the ancestral attine ants for fungal cultivation… Expand
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