The Origin of Dalton's Chemical Atomic Theory: Daltonian Doubts Resolved

  title={The Origin of Dalton's Chemical Atomic Theory: Daltonian Doubts Resolved},
  author={Arnold Thackray},
  pages={35 - 55}
ECENT years have seen a revival of interest in John Dalton and the origin of his chemical atomic theory, resulting in a critical reexamination of the explanations put forward around the beginning of this century.l Leonard K. Nash has convincingly argued for the importance of gas solubility studies in focusing Dalton's attention on the question of relative particle weights,2 while Henry Guerlac has sought to cast doubt on the accepted view that J. B. Richter's work did not influence Dalton in… 
The Emergence of Dalton's Chemical Atomic Theory: 1801-08 *
The slow emergence of Dalton's chemical atomic theory has long been a considerable puzzle to historians of science The lengthy delay between Dalton's early work on mixed gases (September 1801) and
John Dalton and the origin of the atomic theory: reassessing the influence of Bryan Higgins
  • Mark I. Grossman
  • Sociology, Medicine
    The British Journal for the History of Science
  • 2017
Existing evidence related to the origin of the atomic theory is worthy of re-examination in light of Dalton's possible prior knowledge of Bryan's work, and a fresh look at his correspondence with chemist Thomas Charles Hope indicates that Dalton adopted a Higgins-like caloric model in 1803.
John Dalton’s puzzles: from meteorology to chemistry
Abstract Historical research on John Dalton has been dominated by an attempt to reconstruct the origins of his so-called “chemical atomic theory”. I show that Dalton’s theory is difficult to define
In Search of El Dorado: John Dalton and the Origins of the Atomic Theory
embarrassment of riches or just embarrassment when he turns to the origin of the tale. He has a herothe English Quaker and self-made natural philosopher John Daltonas well as a birth date for the
Thomas Thomson: professor of chemistry and university reformer.
  • J. Morrell
  • Sociology, Medicine
    British journal for the history of science
  • 1969
The main purpose of this paper is to redress the balance of previous work on Thomson by outlining the chief features of his professorial period, paying particular attention to his style of teaching and attitude to his subject.
The Layers of Chemical Language, II: Stabilizing Atoms and Molecules in the Practice of Organic Chemistry
Atomic and molecular theories occupy a canonical status in the nineteenthcentury historiography of chemistry. The origin and transmission of Dalton's atomic theory and the 'neglect' of Avogadro's
James Smithson on the Calamines: Chemical Combination in Crystals
A close exegesis of Smithson’s argument is proposed, which has not previously been studied in any detail, and illustrates some of the ways that crystallog-raphy influenced chemistry in this period.
John Dalton and the London atomists: William and Bryan Higgins, William Austin, and new Daltonian doubts about the origin of the atomic theory
  • Mark I. Grossman
  • History
    Notes and Records: the Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
  • 2014
Most historians have ruled out the possibility that John Dalton was influenced by the theories of atomists William and Bryan Higgins, as well as William Austin, in developing his first table of
Through a Glass Darkly - Some Thoughts on Symmetry and Chemistry
The different types of chiral molecule that have been identified since the first concept of the asymmetric carbon atom are introduced as is the notation used in various disciplines of chemistry to describe the relative or absolute configuration.
Atoms and Equivalents: The Early Development of the Chemical Atomic Theory
Les theories atomiques chimiques de J. Dalton, H. Davy, T. Thomson, W. Wollaston et J. Berzelius. En particulier la periode 1810-1814.