The Onset of Turbulence in Pipe Flow

@article{Avila2011TheOO,
  title={The Onset of Turbulence in Pipe Flow},
  author={K. Avila and D. Moxey and A. de L{\'o}zar and M. Avila and D. Barkley and B. Hof},
  journal={Science},
  year={2011},
  volume={333},
  pages={192 - 196}
}
The lifetimes of injected jet puffs are used to determine the critical point at which turbulent pipe flow is sustained. Shear flows undergo a sudden transition from laminar to turbulent motion as the velocity increases, and the onset of turbulence radically changes transport efficiency and mixing properties. Even for the well-studied case of pipe flow, it has not been possible to determine at what Reynolds number the motion will be either persistently turbulent or ultimately laminar. We show… Expand

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