The Objective Confirmation of Hypotheses

  title={The Objective Confirmation of Hypotheses},
  author={Nathan Stemmer},
  journal={Canadian Journal of Philosophy},
  pages={395 - 404}
  • N. Stemmer
  • Published 1 August 1981
  • Philosophy
  • Canadian Journal of Philosophy
According to Nicod's criterion of confirmation ([7]), a hypothesis of the form ‘All P are Q’ is confirmed by its positive instances, i.e. by entities that are P and Q. It is well known, however, that the criterion gives origin to counterintuitive results. For example, it sanctions the confirmation of ‘All nonblacks are nonravens’ by a nonblack nonraven. Since this hypothesis is logically equivalent to ‘All ravens are black,’ it follows that the criterion indirectly sanctions the… 

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The behavior of the listener, generic extensions, and the communicative adequacy of verbal behavior

  • N. Stemmer
  • Psychology
    The Analysis of verbal behavior
  • 1992
In this paper, some basic aspects of listener behavior are examined: in particular, the events that give origin to the behavior, the generic effects of these events, and intraspecific uniformities between these effects.

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