The Objective Confirmation of Hypotheses

  title={The Objective Confirmation of Hypotheses},
  author={Nathan Stemmer},
  journal={Canadian Journal of Philosophy},
  pages={395 - 404}
  • N. Stemmer
  • Published 1 August 1981
  • Philosophy
  • Canadian Journal of Philosophy
According to Nicod's criterion of confirmation ([7]), a hypothesis of the form ‘All P are Q’ is confirmed by its positive instances, i.e. by entities that are P and Q. It is well known, however, that the criterion gives origin to counterintuitive results. For example, it sanctions the confirmation of ‘All nonblacks are nonravens’ by a nonblack nonraven. Since this hypothesis is logically equivalent to ‘All ravens are black,’ it follows that the criterion indirectly sanctions the… 
On Hetherington's Solution of the Goodman Paradox
The Goodman paradox presents us with the problem of selecting the hypotheses that are confirmed by their positive instances. In a recent paper, Stephen Hetherington proposes a criterion that enables
Quine’s Eliminativism and the Crystal Spheres
Quine’s eliminativist theory has largely been ignored by the philosophical community. This is highly regrettable because Quine’s theory is probably close to correct. Now, the probable correctness of
Evolutionary Epistemology Bibliography
While this bibliography aspires to completeness, the field is growing so rapidly, and is published in such a wide variety of outlets, that we feel sure there are major omissions. (We would appreciate
The behavior of the listener, generic extensions, and the communicative adequacy of verbal behavior
  • N. Stemmer
  • Psychology
    The Analysis of verbal behavior
  • 1992
In this paper, some basic aspects of listener behavior are examined: in particular, the events that give origin to the behavior, the generic effects of these events, and intraspecific uniformities between these effects.


Son of Grue: Simplicity vs. Entrenchment
The purpose of this paper is to reconsider the new riddle of induction, to argue against entrenchment1 as an explanation of projectibility,2 and to argue that terms like 'grue'3 can be shown to be
A Relative Notion of Natural Generalization
positive instances than others. In order to characterize the difference between these generalizations, I have proposed in [3] to investigate the generalizing behavior of living beings. Such an
Fact, Fiction, and Forecast
liELsoN Goodman's second book,1 which represents?excepting the first chapter, a reprint of the well-known paper, "The Prob lem of Counterfactual Conditionals"?the "Special Lectures in Philosophy" he
Cognitive Aspects of Language Acquisition
In the first stages of his language acquisition, a child learns that the elements of a class C are named by the expression E by observing a few of these elements and noting that they are called E in
More on "Grue" and Grue
Sortals and paradox